On the Use of the Earth-Moon Lagrangian Point L1 for Supporting the Manned Lunar Exploration

  • Carlos Corral van Damme
  • Raúl Cadenas Gorgojo
  • Jesús Gil-Fernández
  • Mariella Graziano
Conference paper


Several space agencies are currently studying plans for returning humans to the Moon; ESA and the European industry, in particular, are conducting preliminary studies for the CSTS (Crew Space Transportation System) program. One of the scenarios under analysis involves a rendezvous between the crew transportation vehicle and the lunar lander (or a permanent space station) in the colinear Earth-Moon Lagrangian point L1. Trajectories for transferring between the Earth and orbits around these points, as well as from them to the lunar surface and back, taking into account mission requirements such as lunar global accessibility, any-time return, and mission duration, are investigated in this paper. The merits of these trajectories are compared to a more conventional mission architecture where the staging node is placed on a low lunar orbit.


Transfer Time Lunar Surface Lagrangian Point Halo Orbit Transfer Trajectory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors thank Dr. Ettore Perozzi for organizing the workshop on “Novel Spaceways for Scientific and Exploration Missions”.


  1. 1.
    Condon, J., Pearson, D., “The Role of Humans in Libration Point Missions with Specific Applications to an Earth-Moon Libration Point Gateway Station”, Advances in the Astronautical Sciences: Astrodynamics 2001, Vol. 109, pp. 95–110.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lo, M. W., Ross, S., “The Lunar L1 Gateway: Portal to the Stars and Beyond”, AIAA Paper 2001–4768, August 2001.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Farquhar, R. W., “Lunar Communications with Libration-Point Satellites,” Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets, Vol. 145, No. 24, 9 Dec. 1996, pp. 44–46.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ranieri, C., et al. “Earth Moon Libration Point (L1) Gateway Station – Libration Point Transfer Vehicle Kickstage Disposal Options,” International Conference On Libration Point Orbits and Applications, Parador d’Aiguablava, Girona, Spain, June 10–14, 2002Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Prado, B. D. A., “Traveling Between the Lagrangian Points and Earth,” Acta Astronautica, Vol. 39, No. 7, 1996, pp. 483–486CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Parker, J. S., and Born, G. H., “Direct Lunar Halo Orbit Transfers”, AAS 07-209, AAS/AIAA Spaceflight Mechanics Conference, Sedona, Arizona, January 2007.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Perozzi, E., Di Salvo, A.: Moon Harbor, the “Moon Base Gateway”. In: Compagnone, F., Perozzi, E. (eds.), Proceedings of the Moon Base: a Challenge for Humanity. Donzelli Editore, Roma (2007)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Zazzera, F. B., et al., “Assessment of Mission Design Including Utilization of Libration Points and Weak Stability Boundaries.,” Ariadna id:0./413, April 2004Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Alessi, E. M., Gómez, G., and Masdemont, J. J., “LEO—Lissajous Transfers in the Earth-Moon System”, IAC-08.C1.3.7, 59th International Astronautical Congress, Glasgow, Scotland, September 2008.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Farquhar, R. W., “The Control and Use of Libration-Point Satellites”, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, September 1970, NASA-TR=R-346.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Canalias, E., Gómez, G., Marconte, M., Masdemont, J. J., “Assessment of Mission Design Including Utilization of Libration Points and Weak Stability Boundaries”, Department de Matematica Aplicada, UPC, Ariadna id: 03/4103.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlos Corral van Damme
    • 1
  • Raúl Cadenas Gorgojo
    • 1
  • Jesús Gil-Fernández
    • 1
  • Mariella Graziano
    • 1
  1. 1.GMV, Tres CantosMadridSpain

Personalised recommendations