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From Sputnik to the Moon: Astrophysics and Cosmology from Space

  • Carlo Burigana
  • Nazzareno Mandolesi
  • Luca Valenziano
Conference paper

Abstract

The launch of the Sputnik in October 1957 signed the beginning of space era. Just after few years Bruno Rossi opened the era of astrophysics observations. The Italian community has played, since then, an important role in the space community. After the success of many satellite missions, such as BeppoSAX, XMM-Newton, INTEGRAL, now the next frontier could be pioneering the scientific activities on the Moon. The absence of atmospheric emission and telecommunication interferences joined to the possibility of locating scientific instrumentation of relevant size and adaptive in time makes the Moon an ideal astronomical site for many branches of the modern astrophysics and cosmology and for dedicated fundamental physics experiments. Accurate measurements of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation and of the radio sky at extremely long wavelengths could take a great advantage from the opportunity of observations from the Moon. In this context, we discuss here some aspects of particular interest: the CMB anisotropy in polarization and total intensity (at very small scales), the CMB spectrum. Some guidelines for future experiments from the Moon are presented.

Keywords

Cosmic Microwave Background Galaxy Cluster Spectral Distortion Cosmic Microwave Background Anisotropy Lunar Laser Range 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgment

It is a pleasure to thank S. Dell’Agnello, F. Finelli, L. La Porta, G. Morgante, L.A. Popa, P. Procopio, R. Ragazzoni, R. Salvaterra, and F. Villa for collaborations and constructive discussions.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlo Burigana
    • 1
  • Nazzareno Mandolesi
    • 1
  • Luca Valenziano
    • 1
  1. 1.INAF-IASF BolognaBolognaItaly

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