HIV and Women

  • Rachel Jewkes


South Africa has one of the most extensive HIV epidemics in the world, and one where the burden of the epidemic is most conspicuously borne by young black women. In the interests of epidemiological pragmatism, its course has until fairly recently been mapped through women’s infections. One consequence of which has been to render men relatively invisible, both as HIV-related health-service users and as agents of sexual risk (Greig et al., 2008). Yet women’s subordinate position in a highly patriarchal society has critically shaped their HIV risk, just as the racial patterning of the epidemic has its roots in the political and economic subordination stemming from colonisation and the era of apartheid. This chapter is largely an account of influences on the lives of African women, who carry the overwhelming burden of infection.


Intimate Partner Violence Sexual Risk African Woman Main Partner Teenage Girl 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Many thanks to Robert Morrell for comments on the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rachel Jewkes
    • 1
  1. 1.Health Research UnitPretoriaSouth Africa

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