Advertisement

Optical Receiver Design

  • Mohammad Azadeh
Chapter
Part of the Optical Networks book series (OPNW)

In this chapter we consider issues related to the design of optical receivers. As signals travel in a fiber, they are attenuated and distorted, and it is the function of the receiver circuit at the other side of the fiber to generate a clean electrical signal from this weak, distorted optical signal.

Keywords

Optical Power Phase Lock Loop Extinction Ratio Passive Optical Network Burst Mode 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. [1]
    L. L. Wang, “Ultra-wide dynamic range receiver for noise loaded WDM transmission systems,” Optics Express, Vol. 16, pp. 20382–20387, 2008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    R. Vetury et al., “High sensitivity and wide-dynamic-range optical receiver for 40 Gbit/s optical communication networks,” Electronics Letters, Vol. 39, pp. 91–92, 2003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    H. Matsuda et al., “High-sensitivity and wide-dynamic-range 10Gbit/s APD/preamplifier optical receiver module,” Electronics Letters, Vol. 38, pp. 650–651, 2002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    M. S. Park, C. H. Lee, and C. S. Shim, “Optical receiver design with high sensitivity and high dynamic range using feedback and lossy noise-matching network,” Optical and Quantum Electronics, Vol. 27, pp. 527–534, 1995CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    J. M. Khoury, “On the design of constant settling time AGC circuits,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems-II, Analog and Digital Signal Processing, Vol. 45, pp. 283–294, 1998CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    T. Kurosaki et al., “Low-cost 10-Gb/s optical receiver module using a novel plastic package and a passive alignment technique,” IEEE Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 23, pp. 4257–4264, 2005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    HFAN-3.2.0, “Improving noise rejection of a PIN-TIA ROSA,” Application note from Maxim Integrated Products, 2008. Available from www.maxim-ic.com.
  8. [8]
    J. M. Baek et al., “High sensitive 10-Gb/s APD optical receivers in low-cost TO-can-type packages,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, Vol. 17, pp. 181–183, 2005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    M. Stephen, L. Luo, J. Wilson, and P. Franzon, “Buried bump and AC coupled interconnection technology,” IEEE Transactions on Advanced Packaging, Vol. 27, pp. 121–125, 2004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    HFAN-1.1, “Choosing AC-Coupling capacitors,” Application Note from Maxim Integrated Products, 2008. Available from www.maxim-ic.com
  11. [11]
    T. Kok-Siang et al., “Design of high-speed clock and data recovery circuits,” Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing, Vol. 52, pp. 15–23, 2007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    F. Centurelli and G. Scotti, “A high-speed low-voltage phase detector for clock recovery from NRZ data,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I, Regular Papers, Vol. 54, pp. 1626–1635, 2007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    G. T. Kanellos et al., “Clock and data recovery circuit for 10-Gb/s asynchronous optical packets,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, Vol. 15, pp. 1666–1668, 2003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    M. Ahmed and M. Yamada, “Effect of intensity noise of semiconductor lasers on the digital modulation characteristics and the bit error rate of optical communication systems,” Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 104, Article Number 013104, 2008Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    K.C. Jong, H.W. Tsao, and S.L. Lee, “Q-factor monitoring of optical signal-to-noise ratio degradation in optical DPSK transmission,” Electronics Letters, Vol. 44, pp. 761–762, 2008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    J. D. Downie, “Relationship of Q penalty to eye-closure penalty for NRZ and RZ signals with signal-dependent noise,” Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 23, pp. 2031–2038, 2005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    E. W. Laedke et al., “Improvement of optical fiber systems performance by optimization of receiver filter bandwidth and use of numerical methods to evaluate Q-factor,” Electronics Letters, Vol. 35, pp. 2131–2133, 1999CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    D. R. Smith and I. Garrett, “Simplified approach to digital optical receiver design,” Optical and Quantum Electronics, Vol. 10, pp. 211–221, 1978CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    HFAN-3.0.0, “Accurately estimating optical receiver sensitivity” Application Note from Maxim Integrated Products, available from www.maxim-ic.com
  20. [20]
    HFAN-9.0.2, “Optical signal-to-noise ratio and the Q-factor in fiber-optic communication systems,” Application note from Maxim Integrated Products, available from www.maxim-ic.com
  21. [21]
    N. S. Bergano, F. W. Kerfoot, and C. R. Davidsion, “Margin measurements in optical amplifier system,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, Vol. 5, pp. 304–306, 1993CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    M. R. Spiegel, Mathematical Handbook , Schaum’s Outline Series, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1992Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    Y. D. Choi, D. K. Jeong, and W. C. Kim, “Jitter transfer analysis of tracked oversampling techniques for multigigabit clock and data recovery,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II-Analog and Digital Signal Processing, Vol. 50, pp. 775–783, 2003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    M. J. E. Lee et al., “Jitter transfer characteristics of delay-locked loops – theories and design techniques,” IEEE Journal of Solid State Electronics, Vol. 38, pp. 614–621, 2003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [25]
    G.783, Transmission Systems and Media, Digital Systems and Networks, ITU-T, 2006Google Scholar
  26. [26]
    C. F. Liang, S. C. Hwu, and S. L. Liu, “A Jitter-tolerance-enhanced CDR using a GDCO-based phase detector,” IEEE Journal of Solid State Circuits, Vol. 43, pp. 1217–1226, 2008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [27]
    M. Hayashi et al., “Analysis on jitter tolerance of optical 3R regenerator,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, Vol. 15, pp. 1609–1611, 2003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. [28]
    S. Y. Sun, “An analog PLL-based clock and data recovery circuit with high input jitter tolerance,” IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, Vol. 24, pp. 325–330, 1989CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. [29]
    K. Hara, et al., “1.25/10.3 Gbit/s dual-rate burst-mode receiver,” Electronics Letters, Vol. 44, pp. 869–870, 2008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. [30]
    E. Hugues-Salas et al., “Fast edge-detection burst-mode 2.5 Gbit/s receiver for gigabit passive optical networks,” Journal of Optical Networking, Vol. 6, pp. 482–489, 2007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. [31]
    X. Z. Qiu et al., “Development of GPON upstream physical-media-dependent prototypes,” Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 22, No. 11, pp. 2498–2508, Nov. 2004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. [32]
    J. M. Baek et al, “Low-cost and high-performance APD burst-mode receiver employing commercial TIA for 1.25-Gb/s EPON,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, Vol. 17, No. 10, pp. 2170–2172, Oct. 2005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. [33]
    Q. Le et al., “A burst-mode receiver for 1.25-Gb/s Ethernet PON with AGC and internally created reset signal,” IEEE Journal of Solid State Circuits, Vol. 39, No. 12, pp. 2379–2388, Dec 2004Google Scholar
  34. [34]
    H. Wang and R. Lin, “The parameter optimization of EPON physical layer and the performance analysis for burst mode receiver,” Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 4908, pp. 105–114, 2002Google Scholar
  35. [35]
    A. J. Phillips, “Power penalty for burst mode reception in the presence of interchannel crosstalk,” IET optoelectronics, Vol. 1, pp. 127–134, 2007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. [36]
    P. Ossieur et al., “Sensitivity penalty calculation for burst-mode receivers using avalanche photodiodes,” Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 21, No. 11, pp. 2565–2575, Nov. 2003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. [37]
    Peter Ossieur et al., “Influence of random DC offsets on burst-mode receiver sensitivity,” Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 24, No. 3, pp. 1543–1550 March 2006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. [38]
    S. Nishihara et al., “10.3 Gbit/s burst-mode PIN-TIA module with high sensitivity, wide dynamic range and quick response,” Electronics Letters, Vol. 44, pp. 222–223, 2008CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Source Photonics, Inc.ChatsworthUSA

Personalised recommendations