The Systematics and Distributions of the Marmosets (Callithrix, Callibella, Cebuella, and Mico) and Callimico (Callimico) (Callitrichidae, Primates)

  • Anthony B. Rylands
  • Adelmar F. Coimbra-Filho
  • Russell A. Mittermeier
Chapter

Abstract

The New World primate family Callitrichidae includes seven genera of marmosets, tamarins, lion tamarins and callimico. They are small, arboreal, diurnal, insectivore/frugivores of the forests, chaco, and scrub of tropical Central and South America. Some 60 species and subspecies of the family Callitrichidae are now recognized, 22 of which are considered to be marmosets, the “short-tusked” genera with dental and behavioral adaptations for tree-gouging and exudate-feeding. The marmosets are divided into four taxonomic groups, which we recognize as genera: Callithrix (eastern Brazilian marmosets of the Jacchus-group), Cebuella (the Amazonian pygmy marmosets), Callibella (the Amazonian dwarf marmoset), and Mico (the Amazonian marmosets of the Argentata-group). Studies over the last decade have demonstrated that Goeldi’s monkey or callimico is a sister species to these marmosets. Here we review the most recent information concerning the taxonomy of these 23 species and what is known of their geographic distributions in the wild.

Resumen

La familia de primates del Nuevo Mundo Callitrichidae incluye siete géneros de marmosetas, tamarinos, tamarinos leones y calimicos. Son primates pequeños, arbóreos, diurnos, insectívoros/frugívoros del bosque, chaco y monte de Centro y Sudamérica tropical. De las 60 especies y subespecies de la familia Callitrichidae se reconocen actualmente, 22 de las cuales son consideradas como marmosetas, el género “colmillo corto” con adaptaciones dentales y de comportamiento para excavación en árboles y alimentación de exudados. Las marmosetas son divididas en cuatro grupos taxonómicos, los cuales reconocemos como géneros: Callithrix (marmosetas del este de Brasil del grupo Jacchus), Cebuella (marmosetas pigmeas Amazónicas), Callibella (marmosetas Amazónicas enanas) y Mico (marmosetas del grupo Argentata). Los estudios en la última década han demostrado que los calimicos (o monos Goeldi) son una especie hermana de estas marmosetas. En el presente estudio revisamos la información más reciente concerniente a la taxonomía de estas 23 especies y lo que se conoce de sus distribuciones geográficas en estado silvestre.

Resumo

A família Callitrichidae de primatas do Novo Mundo inclui sete gêneros de sagüis e micos. Eles são pequenos, arbóreos, de hábitos diurnos, frugívoros/insetivoros ocorrendo em florestas, chaco e cerrado da América Central e Sul tropical. Cerca de 60 espécies e subespécies da família Callitrichidae são reconhecidas, 22 das quais são consideradas sagüis e micos dos gêneros de “presas-baixas” com adaptações dentais e comportamentais para raspar árvores e comer exudatos. Este grupo é dividido em quatro grupos taxonômicos que nós reconhecemos como gêneros: Callithrix (sagüis do leste brasileiro do grupo jacchus), Cebuella (sagüi-leãozinho amazônico), Callibella (o sägui amazônico anão) e Mico (o sagüis amazônicos do grupo argentata). Estudos desta última década têm demonstrado que o mico de Goeldi ou callimico é uma espécie irmã dos outros sagüis. Aqui nós revemos a informação mais recente relacionada a taxonomia destas 23 espécies e o que nós sabemos das suas distribuições geográficas na natureza.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthony B. Rylands
    • 1
  • Adelmar F. Coimbra-Filho
  • Russell A. Mittermeier
  1. 1.Center for Applied Biodiversity ScienceConservation InternationalWashingtonUSA

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