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Ranging Patterns of Callimico goeldii (callimico) in a Mixed Species Group

  • Jennifer A. Rehg
Chapter
Part of the Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects book series (DIPR)

Abstract

Ranging patterns are behavioral adaptations that relate to demographic and ecological variables, such as population density and resource distribution. Intraspecific variation in ranging may reflect responses to variable environmental conditions. A study of Callimico goeldii, the callimico or Goeldi’s monkey, in association with Saguinus fuscicollis, the saddle-backed tamarin, and Saguinus labiatus, the red-bellied tamarin, was conducted at a terra firme forest in northwestern Brazil periodically between April 1999 and August 2003. Data were collected primarily on one relatively stable mixed species group. The joint range size of this mixed species group was 48 ha over 10 months, and after 13 months, it increased to 56 ha for the tamarins and to 59 ha for the callimicos; there was approximately 26% range overlap with neighboring groups of tamarins, and 3% overlap with neighboring callimico groups. The locations of plant food resources, resting sites, and treefalls were found to be significantly related to range use by Callimico. There was no evidence that Callimico spent more time along the periphery of the range than would be expected by chance, and range use was patchily distributed throughout the range. Five encounters were observed among the study group of callimico and neighboring callimicos. No direct intergroup encounters were observed among the tamarins, and they did not participate in the callimico encounters. All encounters were within 100 m of a plant food resource visited on that day, although there was no additional evidence that the encounters related directly to defending access to these feeding sites. Based on these data, the callimicos did not appear to demonstrate resource or range defense. Previous research on other groups shows different ranging and association patterns in Callimico; additional investigation of intersite variation in resources or demography may help explain these differences.

Keywords

Home Range Home Range Size Neighboring Group Range Boundary Intergroup Encounter 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Resumen

Los patrones de desplazamiento son adaptaciones del comportamiento relacionados a variables demográficas y ecológicas, tales como la densidad de la población y la distribución de recursos. La variación intraespecífica en el desplazamiento puede reflejar respuestas a condiciones ambientales variables. Un estudio de Callimico goeldii, el calimico o mono de Goeldi, en asociación con Saguinus fuscicollis y S. labiatus, se llevó a cabo en un bosque de terra firme al noroeste de Brasil entre abril de 1999 y agosto de 2003. Los datos fueron recolectados principalmente de un grupo de especies mixtas relativamente estable. La tamaño del ámbito conjunto de este grupo de especies mixtas fue de 48 ha durante los primeros 10 meses y después de los 13 meses incrementaron a 56 ha para Saguinus y a 59 ha para Callimico; hubo aproximadamente 26% de traslape de ámbito con los grupos vecino de Saguinus y 3% de traslape con los grupos vecinos de Callimico. La ubicación de plantas utilizadas como recurso alimenticio, de los sitios de descanso y de las caídas de árboles estuvo significativamente relacionada al ámbito utilizado por Callimico. No hubo evidencia de que Callimico pasara más tiempo a lo largo de la periferia de su ámbito de la que hubiese sido esperada al azar y el uso del ámbito estuvo distribuido en forma de parches a través de su área. Cinco encuentros fueron observados entre el grupo de calimicos estudiado y los grupos de calimicos vecinos. No se observaron encuentros directos intergrupales entre los grupos de tamarinos y estos tampoco participaron en los encuentros entre calimicos. Todos los encuentros ocurrieron dentro de los 100 m de distancia de una planta de recursos alimenticios visitada en ese día, aunque no hubo evidencia adicional que apoyara que los encuentros se relacionaran directamente a defender el acceso a esos sitios de alimentación. Basados en estos datos, los calimicos no parecen defender sus recursos o su ámbito. Investigaciones previas de otros grupos muestran distintos patrones de desplazamiento y de asociación en Callimico; investigaciones adicionales de variación de recursos o demografía entre sitios podría explicar dichas diferencias.

Resumo

Padrões de uso de área são adaptações comportamentais relacionadas com variáveis demográficas tais como densidade populacional e distribuição de recursos. Variações intra-específicas no padrão de uso da área podem refletir resposta às condições ambientais variáveis. Um estudo com Callimico goeldii (sagüi-de-goeldi) em associação com Saguinus fuscicollis (sagüi-de-cara-suja) e Saguinus labiatus (sagüi-de-bigode) foi realizado em diferentes períodos em floresta de terra firme no noroeste do Brasil entre abril de 1999 e agosto de 2003. Os dados foram coletados primariamente em um grupo de espécies mistas relativamente estável. A área conjunta de uso do grupo foi de 48 ha ao longo de dez meses e após 13 meses cresceu para 54 ha para os tamarinos e 59 para os calimicos. Foi verificada uma sobreposição de aproximadamente 26% da área com grupos vizinhos de tamarinos e 3% de sobreposição com grupos vizinhos de Callimico. A localização das árvores de alimentação e de dormida e queda de árvores foram significativamente correlacionada com a área de uso de Callimico. Não foi encontrada evidência de que Callimico passava mais tempo nas bordas do território do que o esperado ao acaso e que o uso da área tenha sido distribuído em ilhas dentro da área de uso total. Foram registrados cinco encontros entre o grupo de callimico estudado e grupos de calimicos vizinhos. Nenhum encontro intergrupo foi registrado entre os tamarinos; além do mais não tiveram participação nos encontros dos grupos de callimicos. Todos os encontros foram num raio de 100 m de uma árvore de alimentação visitada no dia, embora não houvesse nenhuma evidência adicional de que os encontros estivessem relacionados à defesa no acesso a esses sítios de alimentação. Baseado nesses dados, callimico parece defender território ou recursos. Pesquisas anteriores com outros grupos mostram diferentes padrões de utilização de áreas de uso e de associação em callimico; pesquisas adicionais sobre as variações entre ou inter-sítios com relação aos recursos ou à demografia poderão ajudar a explicar essas diferenças.

Notes

Acknowledgements

I wish to thank the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) and the Universidade Federal do Acre (UFAC) for granting me permission to conduct the research and to work at the Fazenda Experimental Catuaba. My thanks are due to all the researchers, administrators, and technicians of the Universidade Federal do Acre and the Herbário do Parque Zoobotânico, and in particular, Marco Antônio de Oliveira, Armando Muniz Calouro, and Maria Aparecida de Oliveira Azevedo Lopes for their help. Thanks also to Steve Leigh, Paul Garber, Stan Ambrose, and Marina Cords. This research was funded in part by the Graduate College of the University of Illinois.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnthropologySouthern Illinois University EdwardsvilleEdwardsvilleUSA

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