Advertisement

Habitat Use and Ranging Behavior of the Silvery Marmoset (Mico argentatus) at Caxiuanã National Forest (Eastern Brazilian Amazonia)

  • Cecilia Veracini
Chapter
Part of the Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects book series (DIPR)

Abstract

This work describes the ranging behavior and the habitat preferences of a wild group of silvery marmosets studied in the eastern Brazilian Amazonia for 11 months. The study group used secondary growth forests (capoeiras) for 78% of the observation time, flooded forest and terra firme forest for 9% of the time and edge areas for the rest of the time, without a significant seasonal variation. The Mico argentatus home range was 15.5 ha with an overlap of 24.2% with other groups. The area they used exclusively was situated in the center of the home range and included gum and fruit sources mainly. Variation in ranging behavior was observed among seasons. The study group ranged over a larger area in the early wet and late dry seasons. The estimated distance traveled by the group during the day varied from 630 m to 1710 m (average 1042 m, n = 83) and the mean day range used was 2.73 ha. The group used 14 different sleeping sites; the more frequented were localized near their major food patches. The distribution of feeding trees had a major influence on the patterns of home range use. The more intensively used areas contained major exudate resources.

Keywords

Home Range Home Range Size Fruit Availability Terra Firme Intergroup Encounter 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Resumen

Este trabajo describe el comportamiento de desplazamiento y las preferencias de hábitat de un grupo silvestre de marmosetas plateadas (Mico argentatus) en la Amazonia Brasileña del este por un período de 11 meses. El grupo de estudio utilizó bosques de crecimiento secundario (capoeiras) el 78% del tiempo de observación, bosque inundado y bosque de tierra firme el 9% y áreas marginales por el resto del tiempo, sin variación estacional significativa. El ámbito hogareño de M. argentatus fue de 15.5 ha, con un traslape del 24.2% con otros grupos. Su área que este de uso exclusivo de este grupo estuvo situada en el centro del ámbito hogareño e incluyó las fuentes principales de exudados arbóreos y frutas. Variación en el comportamiento de desplazamiento fue observado entre las estaciones. El grupo estudiado recorrió un área más grande durante al principio de la estación húmeda y al final de la seca. La distancia de viaje estimada diaria para el grupo varió de 630 m a 1710 m (con un promedio de 1042 m, n = 83) y la media del desplazamiento diario fue de 2.73 ha. El grupo utilizó 14 sitios dormideros diferentes; los más frecuentes fueron localizados cerca de las mayores zonas de comida. La distribución de los árboles alimenticios tuvo mayor influencia en los patrones de uso del ámbito hogareño. Las áreas utilizadas más intensivamente contenían los mayores recursos de exudados.

Resumo

Este estudo descreve as áreas de uso e as preferências de habitat de um grupo de sagüis brancos estudados na Amazônia oriental do Brasil durante o período de 11 meses. O grupo estudado usou florestas secundárias (capoeiras) durante 78% do tempo de observação, florestas inundadas e de terra firme em 9% do tempo e áreas de bordas durante o resto do tempo, mas sem apresentar variação sazonal significativa. A área de uso do Mico argentatus foi de 15.5 ha. havendo uma sobreposição com a área de outros grupos em 24.2%. A área usada exclusivamente pelos animais estava situada no centro da área de uso e incluiu as fontes principais de goma e frutos. Foi observada variação no tamanho da área utilizada entre as estações. O grupo usou uma área maior no início da estação chuvosa e final da estação seca. A distância estimada viajada pelo grupo durante o dia variou entre 630 m e 1.710 m (média 1.042 m, n = 83) e a área de uso diário foi de 2.73 ha. Foram registrados 14 locais de dormida diferentes; os mais freqüentes estavam localizados próximos à maior concentração de recursos alimentares. A distribuição das árvores de alimentação foi o principal fator que influenciou os padrões de utilização da área de uso. As áreas mais intensamente exploradas possuíam as principais fontes de exudatos.

Notes

Acknowledgements

I thank the editors for inviting me to contribute to this book and for their important comments and help. This study was supported by the Italian MURST (Ministero per l’Università e per lo Sviluppo Tecnologico e Scientifico) and by a grant of the Capes/CNPq, Brazil. I also thank the Estação Cientifica Ferreira Penna of Caxiuanã, Dr. P. Lisboa and Prof. Bento Mascarenhas. I thank Prof. Stephen F. Ferrari for inviting me to study callitrichids in the ECFP and for hosting me at the Universidade Federal do Pará. I thank also Drs S. Almeida and L. Silva, and Mr. Nelson Arajuo Rosa for the botanical help and identification of botanical samples.

References

  1. Albernaz AL, Magnusson WE (1999) Home-range size of the bare-ear marmoset (Callithrix argentata) at Alter do Chão, Central Amazonia, Brazil. Int J Primatol 20(5):667–677CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alonso C, Langguth A (1989) Ecologia e Comportamento de Callithrix jacchus (Primates: Callitrichidae) numa ilha de Floresta Atlantica. Rev Nordestina Biol 6(2):107–137Google Scholar
  3. Altmann J (1974) Observational study of behaviour: sampling methods. Behaviour 49:227–267CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Branch L (1983) Seasonal and habitat differences in the abundance of primates in the Amazon (Tapajos) National Park, Brazil. Primates 24:424–431CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Carvalho de Moraes J, José de P R da Costa, da Rocha EJP, da Silva IMO (1997) Estudos hidrometeorológicos na bacia do rio Caxiuanã. In: Lisboa PL (ed) Caxiuanã. MPEG/CNPq, Bol. MPEG, Belém, pp 85–95Google Scholar
  6. Coimbra-Filho AF, Mittermeier RA (1976) Exudate-eating and tree-gouging in marmosets. Nature 262:630CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Correa K (1995) Ecologia e comportamento alimentar de um grupo de Saguis-da-serra-escuros (Callithrix aurita, E’. Geoffroy) no parque Estadual da Serra do Mar, Nucleo Cunha SP (Brasil). Master’s Thesis Univ Federal Minas Gerais, Belo HorizoGoogle Scholar
  8. Cardoso da Silva JM, Pimentel Neto DC (1997) As Aves. In: Lisboa PL (ed) Caxiuanã. MPEG/CNPq, Bol. MPEG, Belém, pp: 403–416Google Scholar
  9. Day RT, Elwood RW (1999) Sleeping site selection by the golden-handed tamarin Saguinus midas midas: the role of predation risk, proximity to feeding sites and territorial defense. Ethology 105:1035–1051CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. de Almeida SS, Lisboa PLB, Silva ASL (1993) Diversidade Floristica de uma Comunidade arborea na Estação Científica Ferreira Penna, em Caxiuanã (Pará). Bol Mus Para Emilio Goeldi serie Bot 9(1):93–188Google Scholar
  11. de Vivo M (1991) Taxonomia de Callithrix Erxleben, 1977 (Callitrichidae). Fundação Biodiversitas, Belo HorizonteGoogle Scholar
  12. Dietz JM, Peres CA, Pinder L (1997) Foraging ecology and use of space in wild golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Am J Primatol 41:289–305CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Digby LJ, Barreto CE (1996) Activity and ranging patterns in common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus). In: Norconk M, Rosenberger AL, Garber PA (eds) Adaptive radiations of neotropical primates. Plenum, New York, pp 173–185Google Scholar
  14. Ferrari SF (1988) The behaviour and ecology of the buffy-headed marmoset, Callithrix flaviceps (O. Thomas, 1903). Unpublished PhD Thesis, University College, London.Google Scholar
  15. Ferrari SF (1993) Ecological differentiation in the Callitrichidae. In: Rylands AB (ed) Marmosets and tamarins. systematics, behaviour, and ecology. Science, Oxford, pp 314–328Google Scholar
  16. Ferrari SF, Lopes Ferrari MA (1990) A survey of Primates in central Pará. Mus Bol Pará Emilio Goeldi, Ser Zool 6(2):169–179Google Scholar
  17. Ferrari SF, Rylands AB (1994) Activity budget and differential visibility in field studies of three marmosets (Callithrix spp.). Folia Primatol 63(2):78–83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Ferrari SF, Correa K, Coutinho PG (1996) Ecology of the “Southern” Marmosets (Callithrix aurita and Callithrix flaviceps): how different, how similar? In: Norconk M, Rosenberger AL, Garber PA (eds) Adaptive radiations of neotropical primates. Plenum, New York, pp 157–171Google Scholar
  19. Ferrari SF, Iwanaga S, Ravetta AL, Freitas FC, Sousa R, Souza LL, Costa CG, Coutinho PEG (2003) Dynamics of primate communities along the Santarém-Cuiaba highway in south-central Brazilian Amazonia. In: Marsh LK (ed) Primates in fragments. Ecology and conservation. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publisher, New York, pp 123–157Google Scholar
  20. Ferreira L, Almeida S, Rosário C (1997) As areas de inundação. In: Lisboa PL (ed) Caxiuanã. MPEG/CNPq, Bol. MPEG, Belém, pp 195–211Google Scholar
  21. Ferrari SF, MA Lopes (1996) Primate populations in eastern Amazonia. In MA. Norconk, AL Rosenberger, and PA Garber, eds., Adaptive Radiations of the Neotropical Primates, Plenum Press New York, pp 53–67Google Scholar
  22. Garber PA (1984) Use of habitat and positional behavior in a neotropical primate, Saguinus oedipus. In: Rodman P, Cant J (eds) Adaptations for foraging in non human primates. Columbia University Press, New York, pp 112–133Google Scholar
  23. Garber PA (1993) Feeding ecology and behaviour of the genus Saguinus. In: Rylands AB (ed) Marmosets and tamarins. Systematics, behaviour, and ecology. Science, Oxford, pp 273–295Google Scholar
  24. Garber PA, Pruetz DJ, Isaacson J (1993) Patterns of range use, range defense and intergroupspacing in moustached tamarin monkeys. Primates 34(1):11–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Hershkovitz P (1977) Living New World Monkeys, part1 (Platyrrhini), with an introduction to Primates. Chicago University Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  26. Heymann EW (1995) Sleeping habitus of tamarins, Saguinus mystax and Saguinus fuscicollis (Mammalia, Primates, Callitrichidae), in north-eastern Perù. J Zool 237:211–237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kierulff MCM, Raboy BE, da Oliveira PP, Miller K, Passos FC, Prado F (2002) Behavioral ecology of lion tamarins. In: Kleina DG, Rylands AB (eds) Lion tamarins biology and conservation. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, pp 157–187Google Scholar
  28. Lisboa PLB, da Silva ASL, de Almeida SS (1997) Florística e estrutura dos ambientes. In: Lisboa PL (ed) Caxiuanã. MPEG/CNPq, Bol. MPEG, Belém, pp 163-193Google Scholar
  29. Maier W, Alonso C, Langguth A (1982) Field observations on Callithrix jacchus jacchus L. Z Saugetierk 47:334–346Google Scholar
  30. Martorano LG, Pereira LC, Nachet D (1993) Tipologia climatica do estado do Pará adaptação do Metodo de Koppen. Bol Geogr Teor 23:45–4Google Scholar
  31. Mendes Pontes AR, Monteiro da Cruz MAO (1995) Home range, intergroup transfer, and reproductive status of common marmosets Callithrix jacchus in a forest fragment in North-Eastern Brazil. Primates 36(3):335–347CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Miranda GHB, de Faria DS (2001) Ecological aspects of Black-pincelled marmoset (Callithrix penicillata) in the cerradão and dense cerrado of the Brazilian Central Plateau. Braz J Biol 61(3):397–404CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Passamani M, Rylands AB (2000) Home range of a Geoffroy’s marmoset group, Callithrix geoffroyi (Primates, Callitrichidae) in South-Eastern Brazil. Rev Brasil Biol 60(2):275–281PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Peres CA (1993) Diet and feeding ecology of saddle-back (Saguinus fuscicollis) and moustached (Saguinus mystax) tamarins in an Amazonian terra firme forest. J Zool Lond 230:567–592CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Peres CA (1994) Primate responses to phenological changes in an Amazonian terra firme forest. Biotropica 26(1):98–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Peres CA (2000) Territorial defence and the ecology of group movement in small-bodied neotropical primates. In: Boinsky S, Garber PA (eds) On the move: How and why animals travel in groups. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp 100–123Google Scholar
  37. Pires-O’Brien MJ (1993) Phenology of tropical trees from Jari, lower Amazon. I. Phenology of eight forest communities. Bol Museo Paraense Emilio Goeldi ser Bot 9(1):67–91Google Scholar
  38. Raboy BE, Dietz JM (2004) Diet, foraging, and use of space in wild golden-headed lion tamarins. Am J Primatol 63:1–15CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Rylands AB (1982) The behaviour and ecology of three species of marmosets and tamarins (Callitrichidae, Primates) in Brazil. Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Cambridge, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  40. Rylands AB (1986) Ranging behaviour and habitat preference of a wild marmoset group, Callithrix humeralifer (Callitrichidae, Primates). J Zool Lond 210:489–514CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Rylands AB (1989) Sympatric Brazilian callitrichids: the black tufted-ear marmoset, Callithrix kuhli, and the golden-headed lion tamarin, Leontophitecus chrysomelas. J Hum Evol 18:679–695CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Rylands AB, de Faria DS (1993) Habitats, feeding ecology, and home range size in the genus Callithrix. In: Rylands AB (ed) Marmosets and tamarins. Systematics, behaviour, and ecology. Science, Oxford, pp 262–272Google Scholar
  43. Rylands AB, Coimbra-Filho AF, Mittermeier RA (1993) Systematics, geographic distribution, and some notes on the conservation status of the Callitrichidae. In: Rylands AB (ed) Marmosets and tamarins. Systematics, behaviour, and ecology. Science, Oxford, pp 11–77Google Scholar
  44. Rylands AB, Mittermeier RA, Coimbra-Filho AF (this volume) The systematics and distribution of the marmosets (Callithrix, Callibella, Cebuella, and Mico) and callimico (Callimico) (Callitrichidae, Primates). In: Ford SM, Porter LM, Davis LC (eds) The smallest anthropoids: The marmoset/callimico radiation. Springer Press, New York, pp 25–61Google Scholar
  45. Scalon CE, Chalmers NR, Monteiro da Cruz MAO (1982) Home range use and the exploitation of gum in the Marmoset Callithrix jacchus jacchus. Int J Primatol 10(2):123–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Siegel CE, Castellani NJ (1988) In: Caracciolo E. (ed) Statistica non parametrica. Mc-Graw-Hill Libri Italia Srl, Milano.Google Scholar
  47. Stalling JR, Mittermeier RA (1983) The black-tailed marmoset (Callithrix argentata melanura) recorded from Paraguay. Am J Primatol 4:159–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Stevenson MF, Rylands AB (1988) The marmoset, genus Callithrix. In: Rylands AB, Coimbra-Filho AF, da Fonseca GAB (eds) Ecology and behavior of neotropical primates, vol 2. World Wildlife Fund, Washington DC, pp 131–222Google Scholar
  49. Tavares J (1999) Estratégias de Forrageio de um grupo silvestre de Sagui-Branco (Callithrix argentata, Linnaeus 1771) na Estação Científica Ferreira Penna–MPEG/CNPq, Melgaço. Univ Federal do Pará, Belém, Pará. Master’s ThesisGoogle Scholar
  50. Terborgh J (1983) Five New World Primates: a study in comparative ecology. University Press, PrincetonGoogle Scholar
  51. van Roosmalen MGM, van Roosmalen T, Mittermeier RA, Rylands AB (2000) Two new species of marmosets, genus Callithrix Erxleben, 1777 (Callitrichidae, Primates), from the Tapajos/Madeira interfluvium, South Central Amazonia, Brazil. Neotrop Primates 8(1):2–18Google Scholar
  52. Veracini C (1997a) O comportamento alimentar de Callithrix argentata (Linnaeus 1771) (Primata, Callitrichinae). In: Lisboa PL (ed) Caxiuanã. MPEG/CNPq, Bol. MPEG, Belém, pp 437–446Google Scholar
  53. Veracini C (1997b) Ecologia e comportamento di Callithrix argentata (Linnaeus, 1771) e le sue interazioni con Saguinus midas niger (E’ Geoffroy, 1803). Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Florence, FlorenceGoogle Scholar
  54. Veracini C (1998) Ecology of, and Interactions between Callithrix argentata and Saguinus midas niger at Caxiuanã Forest, Eastern Amazonia. Vol. of Abstracts, XVIIth Congress of the International Primatological Society, Antananarivo, Madagascar, August 10–14Google Scholar
  55. Veracini C (2000) Dados preliminares sobre a ecologia de Saguinus niger (É. Geoffroy, 1803) na Estação Científica Ferreira Penna-Caxiuanã (Pará). Neotrop Primates 8(3):108–113Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratori di AntropologiaDipartimento di Biologia Evoluzionistica “L. Pardi”FirenzeItaly

Personalised recommendations