Advertisement

Longitudinal Data and Their Uses

  • Alan J. Lizotte
  • David McDowall
  • Nicole M. Schmidt
Chapter
Part of the Handbooks of Sociology and Social Research book series (HSSR)

In the 1980 s, criminologists began to consider much more seriously the importance of pursuing longitudinal research on how antisocial behavior develops over the life course. Although there were many proponents of such an attempt (Blumstein, Cohen, & Nagin, 1978; Blumstein, Cohen, Roth, & Visher, 1986; Farrington, Ohlin, & Wilson, 1986), the proposition was not without its critics (Gottfredson & Hirschi, 1986, 1987, 1988). These skeptics argued that the endeavor would be too expensive, both monetarily and in opportunity costs, to be justified and that little would be gained over traditional cross-sectional research. Nothing could have been farther from the truth.

Keywords

Antisocial Behavior Longitudinal Research Negative Life Event Gang Member Dichotomous Measure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgment

Support for the Rochester Youth Development Study has been provided by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (86-JN-CX-0007, 95-JD-FX-0015, 96-MU-FX-0014, 2004-MU-FX-0062), the National Institute on Drug Abuse (R01-DA05512), and the National Science Foundation (SBR-9123299, SES-9123299). Work on this project was also aided by grants to the Center for Social and Demographic Analysis at the University at Albany from NICHD (P30-HD32041) and NSF (SBR-9512290).

References

  1. Allison, P. D. (2006). Fixed effects regression models in SAS. SUGI 31, 1–20.Google Scholar
  2. Blumstein, A., Cohen, J., & Nagin, D. (1978). Deterrence and incapacitation: Estimating the effects of sanctions on the crime rate. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
  3. Blumstein, A., Cohen, J., Roth, J. A., & Visher, C. A. (Eds.). (1986). Criminal careers and “Career Criminals” (Vol. 1). Washington, DC: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
  4. Earls, F. J., & Visher, C. A. (1997). Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods: A research update (PDF) [NIJ Research in Brief]. (Report no. NCJ-163603). Washington, DC: US Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice.Google Scholar
  5. Elliott, D. S., Huizinga, D. H., & Menard, S. (1989). Multiple problem youth: Delinquency, substance use, and mental health problems. New York: Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
  6. Farrington, D., Ohlin, L., & Wilson, J. Q. (1986). Understanding and controlling crime. New York: Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
  7. Gottfredson, M., & Hirschi, T. (1986). The true value of lambda would appear to be zero: An essay on career criminals, criminal careers, selective incapacitation, cohort studies, and related topics. Criminology, 24, 213–234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gottfredson, M., & Hirschi, T. (1987). The methodological adequacy of longitudinal research on crime. Criminology, 25, 581–614.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gottfredson, M., & Hirschi, T. (1988). Science, public policy, and the career paradigm. Criminology, 26, 37–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Huizinga, D., Morse, B. J., & Elliott, D. S. (1992). The National Youth Survey: An overview and description of recent findings. Boulder, CO: Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado.Google Scholar
  11. Liberman, A. M. (2007). Synthesizing recent longitudinal findings. In A. M Liberman (Ed.), The long view of crime: A synthesis of longitudinal research (pp. 3–20). New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  12. Lizotte, A. J., Krohn, M. D., Howell, J. C., Tobin, K., & Howard, G. J. (2000). Factors influencing gun carrying among young urban males over the adolescent-young adult life course. Criminology, 38, 811–834.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Loeber, R., Farrington, D. P., Stouthammer-Loeber, M., Moffitt, T. E., & Caspi, A. (1998). The development of male offending: Key findings from the first decade of the Pittsburgh Youth Study. Studies on Crime and Crime Prevention, 7(2), 141–171.Google Scholar
  14. Nagin, D. S. (2005). Group-based modeling of development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Thornberry, T. P., Krohn, M. D., Lizotte, A. J., Smith, C. A., & Tobin, K. (2003). Gangs and delinquency in developmental perspective. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Wolfgang, M. E., Thornberry, T. P., & Figlio, R. M. (1987). From boy to man, from delinquency to crime: Follow-up to the Philadelphia Birth Cohort of 1945. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  17. Wright, J. D., & Rossi, P. H. (1986). Armed and considered dangerous: A survey of felons and their firearms. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alan J. Lizotte
    • 1
  • David McDowall
    • 1
  • Nicole M. Schmidt
    • 1
  1. 1.University at Albany,SUNYAlbanyUSA

Personalised recommendations