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Japanese Experience with Efforts at the Community Level Toward a Sustainable Economy: Accelerating Collaboration Between Local and Central Governments

  • Kentaro Funaki
  • Lucas Adams
Chapter

Abstract

Living in a country with limited natural resources and high population density, the people of Japan had to work on sustainability throughout their history as a matter of necessity. With scarcity of arable land – some 70–80% of the land is mountainous or forested and thus unsuitable for agricultural or residential use – people clustered in the habitable areas, and farmers had to make each acre as productive as possible. The concept of “no waste” was developed early on, as a particularly telling, literal example; the lack of large livestock meant each bit of human waste in a village had to be recycled for use as fertilizer. Along with creating this general need for conservation, living in close proximity to others inspired a culture in which individuals take special care in the effect their actions have on both the surrounding people and the environment. As such, a desire for harmony with others went hand in hand with a traditional desire for harmony with nature. Nature came to be thought of as sacred, and to come into contact with nature was to experience the divine. Centuries-old customs of cherry blossom or moon-viewing attest to the special place nature has traditionally held in the Japanese hearts.

Keywords

Solar Power Photovoltaic System Renewable Portfolio Standard Fukuoka Prefecture Gunma Prefecture 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Japan External Trade OrganizationLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.JETROLos AngelesUSA

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