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Perioperative Lung Injury

  • Peter Slinger
Chapter

Abstract

Traditional patterns of mechanical ventilation with large (e.g., 10–12 mL/kg) tidal volumes and without PEEP cause a subclinical injury in healthy lungs in proportion to the duration of ventilation. Perioperative acute lung injury becomes clinically important when injurious ventilation patterns are used in patients who have other concomitant lung injuries such as large pulmonary resection, cardiopulmonary bypass, or transfusion-related lung injury. Lung-protective patterns of mechanical ventilation, using more physiologic tidal volumes and appropriate PEEP, reduce the severity of this lung injury. A recent decrease in the incidence of lung injury after pulmonary resection is primarily due to a decrease in the frequency of pneumonectomies.

Keywords

Lung Injury Tidal Volume Acute Lung Injury Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Fresh Freeze Plasma 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Slinger
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiaToronto General HospitalTorontoCanada

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