History of Thoracic Anesthesiology

  • Ian Conacher


Because of concern relating to the natural history of pneumothorax, the development of a thoracic surgery discipline comparatively was late. Tuberculosis was the stimulus to overcome concern and caution. Control of contaminating secretions was an early anesthesia objective. Rigid bronchoscopy, lung separation, and positive pressure ventilation are milestones of significance. Modern materials have enabled considerable advances in essentially early ideas. The anesthesia challenge of surgery of respiratory failure is to counteract the negative effects of positive pressure ­ventilation. Surgery for lung cancer remains the bulk of workload.


Tracheal Tube Positive Pressure Ventilation Pulmonary Resection Double Lumen Tube Rigid Bronchoscopy 
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Further Reading

  1. Jackson C. Foreign bodies in the air and food passages. Trans Am Laryngol Rhinol Otol Soc. 1923.Google Scholar
  2. Sellors TH. Surgery of the thorax. London: Constable; 1933.Google Scholar
  3. Jackson C, Jackson CL. Bronchoesophagology. WB Saunders: Philadelphia, PA; 1950.Google Scholar
  4. Mushin WW, Rendell-Baker L, editors. The principles of thoracic anaesthesia: past and present. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific; 1953.Google Scholar
  5. Lee JA. Anaesthesia for thoracic surgery. In: A synopsis of anaesthesia. 3rd ed. Bristol: John Wright; 1955. p. 386–402.Google Scholar
  6. Mushin WW, editor. Thoracic anaesthesia. Philadelphia, PA: FA Davis; 1963.Google Scholar
  7. Hurt R. The history of cardiothoracic surgery from early times. New York, NY: Parthenon; 1996.Google Scholar
  8. Ellis H. The pneumonectomy of George VI. In: Operations that made history. London: Greenwich Medical Media; 1996. p. 123–30.Google Scholar
  9. Maltby JR, editor. Notable names in anaesthesia. London: Royal Society of Medicine; 1998.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ian Conacher
    • 1
  1. 1.RytonUK

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