Peace Psychology of Grassroots Reconciliation: Lessons Learned from the “Baku Bae” Peace Movement

  • Hamdi Muluk
  • Ichsan Malik
Part of the Peace Psychology Book Series book series (PPBS)

This chapter is based on four years of effort in resolving the Maluku conflict, known as the worst intercommunal violence in Indonesia, which continued from early 1999 until 2003. This conflict took place in the eastern Indonesian island province known as Maluku (also called the Mollucas in English). In the first section of this chapter, we present an overview of the Maluku conflict: its history, causes, and the conflict resolution effort that had been undertaken. The second part describes in detail the Baku Bae Peace Movement: its stages and processes. In the final section we conclude this case study in light of the literature in peace psychology.

Overview of the Maluku Conflict

Before it was divided into two provinces (Maluku and North Maluku), Maluku was the largest province in Indonesia, covering over 850,000 square kilometers, 90% of which is maritime, and consisting of over 2,000 islands. Based on the year 2000 census, the population of Maluku was estimated to be around 1.15...


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hamdi Muluk
    • 1
  • Ichsan Malik
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of IndonesiaIndonesia

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