A Positioning Analysis of Moro Women’s Participation During and After the MNLF–GRP War
Using positioning theory as the analytical lens, this study provides a description of the way women of the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) positioned themselves and were positioned by MNLF men in their stories and conversations about their participation during and after the war of the MNLF against the government of the Republic of the Philippines (GRP) from 1972 until after the signing of the MNLF–GRP Final Peace Accord in 1996.
The term “Moro” refers to Muslims of various cultural-linguistic groups in the islands of the Mindanao-Sulu region of southern Philippines, who, because of their armed resistance, were not subjugated by Spanish colonizers in the 16th to the 19th centuries (Che Man, 1990; Buendia, 2005). They also resisted American colonization in the 20th century and have continued to assert their self-determination to the present time. One of the organizations that continued the Moro’s fight for self-determination is the MNLF, which was formed in 1969 by young...
KeywordsExecutive Director Nongovernmental Organization Focus Group Discussion Peace Agreement Woman Participant
I would like to thank, first and foremost, Hadja Giobay Giocolano and MNLF Commander Tuna Langalan, the executive director and concurrent chairman, respectively, of the Kadtabanga Foundation for Peace and Development Associates, Inc. (KFPDAI) for embracing this research as their own project and for using their own resource for convening the participants and organizing the workshop. I also thank all the participants, especially the women combatants, for their generosity and trust. Truly, I salute them for their heroic examples and dedication to the struggle of the Bangsamoro people. I also thank Mimi Pimentel for facilitating the FGD of men participants and Sanimbai Kalim and Alabai Mikuang for their assistance in the documentation. Special thanks to Peace and Equity Foundation (PEF) for their financial support. Last but not the least, I thank Dr. Cristina J. Montiel of the Department of Psychology of the Ateneo de Manila University for introducing me to positioning theory and for the invaluable guidance in the production of this research article.
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