A Synthesis of Auditory Cortical Connections: Thalamocortical, Commissural and Corticocortical Systems

  • Charles C. Lee
  • Jeffery A. Winer


The study of mammalian auditory cortex (AC) began with the delineation of a few areas which appeared to have a limited set of connections from other AC fields (Brugge and Reale 1985) and from a small number of nuclei in the medial geniculate body (MGB) (Rose and Woolsey 1958). Subsequent work with more sensitive methods revealed many more areas in a wider temporal lobe expanse (Schreiner and Cynader 1984; Bowman and Olson 1988; Clarey and Irvine 1990; Shinonaga et al. 1994; Clascá et al. 1997) and, within some regions, multiple subdivisions specialized physiologically for sound processing or communication signals (Ehret 1997; Winer and Lee 2007).


Auditory Cortex Medial Geniculate Body Auditory Area Thalamic Input Convergent Input 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



anterior auditory field


auditory cortex


anterior ectosylvian field


primary auditory cortex


secondary auditory cortex


anterior lateral auditory belt, macaque


anterior medial thalamic nucleus


anterior pretectum


arcuate sulcus


anterior ventral thalamic nucleus


brachium of the inferior colliculus


brachium of the superior colliculus






constant frequency region or characteristic frequency


constant frequency–constant frequency region, bat


central gray


caudal lateral auditory belt, macaque


caudomedial auditory belt, macaque


centromedial nucleus


commissural or contralateral


cerebral peduncle, or caudal parabelt, macaque


central sulcus


cholera toxin beta subunit


cholera toxin beta subunit, gold-conjugate


dorsal nucleus of the medial geniculate body or dorsal


deep dorsal nucleus


caudal dorsal nucleus of the medial geniculate body


dorsal fringe area, bat


dorsal lateral fringe area, bat


dorsomedial area, bat


Doppler-shifted constant frequency region, bat


deep dorsal nucleus of the medial geniculate body


dorsal superficial nucleus of the medial geniculate body


dorsal auditory zone


posterior ectosylvian gyrus, dorsal part


posterior ectosylvian gyrus, intermediate part




posterior ectosylvian gyrus, caudal par


posterior ectosylvian gyrus, ventral part


frequency modulated area, bat


FM–FM area, bat


gamma aminobutyric acid




habenulointerpeduncular tract


oculomotor nucleus


insular cortex




lateral dorsal thalamic nucleus


lateral geniculate nucleus


lateral geniculate body, dorsal nucleus


lateral geniculate body, ventral nucleus


lateral visual association area, lateral part


lateral posterior nucleus


lateral orbital sulcus


lateral sulcus


lateral suprasylvian visual association area


lunate sulcus


medial division of the medial geniculate body or medial


mediodorsal nucleus


mesencephalic nucleus of the trigeminal


medial geniculate body


middle lateral auditory belt, macaque


middle lateral suprasylvian visual association area


mesencephalic reticular formation


optic tract


ovoid part of the medial geniculate body


posterior auditory cortex


paracentral thalamic nucleus


posterior commissure


prefrontal cortex


posterior hypothalamus


principal sulcus


posterior sylvian gyrus






rostral, or rostral auditory area, macaque


rostromedial region, macaque


red nucleus


rostral pole nucleus of the medial geniculate body


rostrotemporal area, macaque


lateral rostrotemporal auditory belt, macaque


medial rostrotemporal auditory belt, macaque


rostral pole division of the medial geniculate body, or rostral parabelt, macaque


superior colliculus


suprageniculate nucleus


suprageniculate nucleus, lateral part


suprageniculate nucleus, lateral part


suprageniculate nucleus, medial part


substantia nigra


subparafascicular nucleus


superior temporal gyrus


superior temporal sulcus




temporal area, rat


thalamic reticular nucleus


ventral division of the medial geniculate body or ventral


ventral anterior thalamic nucleus, or ventroanterior area, bat


ventrobasal complex


ventral auditory area


ventral fringe, bat


ventral lateral thalamic nucleus


ventrolateral nucleus of the medial geniculate body


ventral posterior auditory area, or ventroposterior area, bat


ventral posterior nucleus, lateral part


ventral posterior nucleus, medial part


ventral posteromedial nucleus, parvocellular part


white matter


parietal area 7


posterior sylvian visual association area 20


posterior sylvian visual association area 21b


perirhinal area 35


perirhinal area 36



Supported by the National Institutes of Health grant R01 DC2319-29. David Larue’s help was essential in constructing the figures.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurobiologyThe University of ChicagoChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Division of Neurobiology, Department of Molecular and Cell BiologyUniversity of California at BerkeleyBerkeleyUSA

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