The Avian Auditory Pallium

Chapter

Abstract

The functional and anatomical similarities between the avian auditory pallium and the mammalian auditory cortex are arguably as striking as their differences. Here, we hope to demonstrate the potential of a comparative approach in auditory physiology. On the one hand, birds and mammals face similar problems in auditory scene analysis and therefore it is not surprising to find evolutionary convergence in the functional strategies of information processing both by individual cells and by circuits. On the other hand, parallel evolution has resulted in avian pallium lacking the six-layer anatomical structure found in mammalian cortex and in the Aves having less extensive feedback between the primary sensory cortex and the thalamus.

Keywords

Alba Phan Culmination Oscine 

Abbreviations

AAF

anterior auditory field

AI

primary auditory cortex

AID

dorsomedial part of the intermediate arcopallium

AIV

ventromedial part of the intermediate arcopallium

AIVM

ventromedial nucleus of the intermediate arcopallium

Bas

nucleus basorostralis

BB

broad band

BOS

bird’s own song

eMTF

ensemble modulation transfer function

CN

cochlear nuclei

GABA

γ-aminobutyric acid

HVC

letter-based proper name

IC

inferior colliculus

ICx

external nucleus of the inferior colliculus

ICo

intercollicular nucleus

IEG

immediately early gene

L1-L3

subregions of the auditory nidopallium Field L

LLD

dorsal nucleus of the lateral lemniscus

LLI

intermediate nucleus of the lateral lemniscus

LLV

ventral nucleus of the lateral lemniscus

M

mesopallium

MGB

medial geniculate body

MLd

dorsal part of the lateral mesencephalon

MTF

modulation transfer function

NA

angular nucleus

NB

narrow band

NCM

caudal medial nidopallium

Nd

dorsal nidopallium

NFl

lateral frontal nidopallium

NIVL

ventrolateral nidopallium intermedium

NL

laminar nucleus

NM

magnocellular nucleus

nVIII

auditory nerve

Ov

nucleus ovoidalis

PMI

nucleus paramedianus internus thalami

RA

robust nucleus of the arcopallium

SO

superior olive

SPO

nucleus semilunaris parovoidalis

SSA

stimulus-specific adaptation

STRF

spectrotemporal receptive field

TS

torus semicircularis

VMH

ventromedial hypothalamus

WB

wideband

Notes

Acknowledgments

FET is grateful to have known Prof. Winer and to have benefited from his unwavering support at the earlier stages of his career in auditory science. The two authors thank Prof. Schreiner for his patience and careful editing. The work done by the Theunissen laboratory described here was supported by grants from the NIDCD and the NIMH.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Taffeta M. Elliott
    • 1
  • Frédéric E. Theunissen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

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