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A Profile of Auditory Forebrain Connections and Circuits

  • Jeffery A. Winer
Chapter

Abstract

Establishing rules for auditory information processing requires knowledge of the physiology of the neurons, their connections, and of how local circuits shape signals. When available, as in the cochlear nucleus (Cant and Benson 2003), such profiles underlie plausible models of receptive field (RF) genesis (Davis and Young 2000), serial information transfer (Smith et al. 1993), and feature detection (Nelken 2002). Progress in this endeavor in the medial geniculate body (MGB) and auditory cortex (AC) since 1990 is the subject of this review, and it is prerequisite to understanding how auditory thalamic (Senatorov and Hu 2002), cortical (de Ribaupierre 1997; Rouiller and Welker 2000), and subcortical sites (Winer 2006) interact. A second theme is the function of massive, focal, and precise corticocortical (Lee and Winer 2005) and corticofugal (Winer 2006) projections. The emerging picture of multiple ascending and descending pathways with intricate convergence and divergence patterns (Smith and Spirou 2002) and robust interneuronal substrates for modulation (Huang et al. 1999) is at odds with more serial models of information flow (Brandner and Redies 1990). Each section summarizes views prevailing circa 1990, then assesses subsequent studies in cat, rodents, bats, and primates.

Keywords

Auditory Cortex Inferior Colliculus Cochlear Nucleus Medial Geniculate Body Dorsal Cochlear Nucleus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

AA

amygdala, anterior nucleus

AAF

anterior auditory field

ABm

basomedial nucleus of the amygdala

ACe

central nucleus of the amygdala

AD

anterior part of the DCN

AES

anterior ectosylvian area

aes

anterior ectosylvian sulcus

AI

primary auditory cortex

AlP

anterolateral periolivary nucleus

APt

anterior pretectum

AII

second auditory cortex

AM

anterior medial nucleus

AV

anterior ventral thalamic nucleus

AV

anteroventral cochlear nucleus

Ava

anteroventral cochlear nucleus, anterior part

BB

broadband

BM

amygdala, basomedial nucleus

BIC

brachium of the inferior colliculus

BI

amygdala, basolateral nucleus

C

caudal or C layer of the lateral geniculate body

Ca

caudate nucleus

CBM

cerebellum

CC

caudal cortex of the inferior colliculus

CC

corpus callosum

CF,CF-CF

constant frequency cortical area

CF

characteristic frequency

Cl

claustrum

DF

dorsal fringe auditory cortical area

DI–DIV

layers of dorsal cortex of inferior colliculus

DM

dorsomedial auditory cortical area

CG

central gray

CIC

commissure of the inferior colliculus

CM

central medial nucleus

CM

central medial/caudomedial auditory cortical area

CN

central nucleus of the inferior colliculus

cNB

central narrowband module in AI

CP

cerebral peduncle

Cu

cuneiform nucleus

D

dorsal nucleus of the MGB or dorsal

d1–d4

narrowband modules in AI

DD

deep dorsal nucleus of the MGB

DC

dorsal cortex of the inferior colliculus

DCa

caudal pole of the inferior colliculus

DCN

dorsal cochlear nucleus

DF

dorsal cochlear nucleus, fusiform cell layer

DL

dorsal nucleus of the lateral lemniscus

DlP

dorsolateral periolivary nucleus

DM

dorsal cochlear nucleus, molecular layer

DmP

dorsomedial periolivary nucleus

DP

dorsoposterior auditory area of cat

DS

dorsal superficial nucleus of the MGB

DSCF

Doppler-shifted constant frequency region

DZ

dorsal auditory zone

ED

posterior ectosylvian gyrus, dorsal part

EE

excitatory-excitatory binaural interaction

EI

posterior ectosylvian gyrus, intermediate part or excitatory-inhibitory binaural interaction

En

entopeduncular nucleus

EP

posterior ectosylvian gyrus

EV

posterior ectosylvian gyrus, ventral part

EW

Edinger-Westphal nucleus

FF

fields of Forel

FM

frequency modulated

FM-FM

frequency-modulated auditory cortical area

FM1-FM

first harmonic frequency-modulated auditory cortical area

FM1-FM2

first harmonic, second harmonic frequency-modulated auditory cortical area

FM1-FM3

first harmonic, third harmonic frequency-modulated auditory cortical area

FM1-FM4

first harmonic, fourth harmonic frequency-modulated auditory cortical area

GP

globus pallidus

Ha

habenula

Hip

hippocampus

HiT

habenulointerpeduncular tract

IC

inferior colliculus

ICa

internal capsule

IcT

intercollicular tegmentum

IL

intermediate nucleus of the lateral lemniscus

In

insular cortex

IlN

intralaminar thalamic nuclei

Int

thalamic intralaminar nuclei

IT

intercollicular tegmentum

La

lateral nucleus of the amygdala

LC

lateral cortex of the inferior colliculus

LD

lateral dorsal nucleus

LGB,LGBd

lateral geniculate body, dorsal part

LGBv

lateral geniculate body, ventral part

LM

lateral medial nucleus

LMN

lateral mesencephalic nucleus

LN

lateral nucleus of the inferior colliculus

LP

lateral posterior nucleus

LS

lateral superior olive

LT

lateral nucleus of the trapezoid body

M

medial division of the MGB

MCP

middle cerebellar peduncle

MGB

medial geniculate body

ML

medial lemniscus

MLF

medial longitudinal fasciculus

MR

mesencephalic reticular formation

MRF

mesencephalic reticular formation

MS

medial superior olive

MT

medial nucleus of the trapezoid body

Mv

medioventral thalamic nucleus

MZ

marginal zone of MGB

NB

narrowband

NBIC

nucleus of the brachium of the inferior colliculus

NRTP

reticular tegmental nucleus of the pons

OT

optic tract

OR

optic radiation

Ov

pars ovoidea of the ventral division of the MGB

P

posterior auditory field

PC

posterior commissure

Pd

posterodorsal division of the DCN

PeN

periolivary nuclei

PHy

posterior hypothalamus

PL

posterior limitans nucleus

PL

posterior lateral auditory area of bushbaby

PLSS

posterior lateral suprasylvian area

Pl

paralemniscal zone

PN

pontine nuclei

Pol

rostral pole of the MGB

Pom

medial part of the posterior group

Pt

pretectum

Pu

pulvinar nucleus

Pv

posteroventral cochlear nucleus

PvO

posteroventral cochlear nucleus, octopus cell layer

Py

pyramidal tract

R

rostral

R

rostral auditory area of squirrel or monkey

Ra

raphe

RF

reticular formation

Rh

rhomboid nucleus

RL

rostral lateral auditory are in monkey

RN

red nucleus

RP

rostral pole nucleus of the inferior colliculus or MGB

Sa

nucleus sagulum

SC

superior colliculus

SCP

superior cerebellar peduncle

SCPX

decussation of the superior cerebellar peduncle

SF

suprasylvian fringe area

SF/daz

suprasylvian fringe/dorsal auditory zone

SGS

superficial gray layer of superior colliculus

SGi

intermediate gray layer of superior colliculus

SGP

deep layer of superior colliculus

Sg

suprageniculate nucleus

Sgl/Sl

suprageniculate nucleus, lateral part

Sgm/S

suprageniculate nucleus, medial part

SN

substantia nigra

SNc

substantia nigra, pars compacta

SNL

substantia nigra, pars lateralis

SNR,SNr

substantia nigra, pars reticulata

Spf

subparafascicular nucleus

SpN

suprapeduncular nucleus

TA

temporal auditory area of squirrel

TE1

primary auditory cortex of rat

TE2

second auditory cortex of rat

TE3

third auditory cortex of rat

Te

temporal cortex

TL

lateral nucleus of the trapezoid body

TM

medial nucleus of the trapezoid body

TRN

thalamic reticular nucleus

Tr

trochlear nerve

TV

ventral nucleus of the trapezoid body

V

pars lateralis of the ventral division or ventral or ventral auditory area

VA

ventroanterior auditory cortical area

Vb

ventrobasal complex

Ve

ventral auditory area

VF

ventral fringe auditory cortical area

VL

ventral nucleus of the lateral lemniscus

VLa

ventral lateral thalamic nucleus

Vl

ventrolateral nucleus of the MGB

VM

ventral medial thalamic nucleus

Vm

mesencephalic nucleus of the trigeminal

VmP

ventromedial periolivary nucleus

VP

ventral posterior auditory area

Vpl

ventral posterolateral nucleus

Vpm

ventral posteromedial nucleus

VT

ventral nucleus of the trapezoid body

wm

white matter

ZI

zona incerta

I-IV

layers of the dorsal cortex of the inferior colliculus

I-VI

layers of cerebral cortex

α

layer IVCα in primary visual cortex

β

layer IVCβ in primary visual cortex

c

layer IVc in primary visual cortex

35/36

perirhinal cortex

Notes

Acknowledgment

Thanks to Christoph E. Schreiner for helpful comments. This work was supported by United States Public Health Service grant R01 DC02319-26.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Neurobiology, Department of Molecular and Cell BiologyUniversity of California at BerkeleyBerkeleyUSA

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