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Neurochemical Organization of the Medial Geniculate Body and Auditory Cortex

  • Jeffery A. Winer
Chapter

Abstract

The auditory, visual, and somatic sensory systems each have a topographic receptor epithelium, multiple central representations of the peripheral mosaic, parallel neural streams serving epicritic processing, vast networks of central connectivity, and a web of intrinsic circuits at all levels of processing. Marked neurochemical differences distinguish the central auditory system from its visual and somatic sensory counterparts, which each largely conserves the parallel contribution from specific classes of retinal, cutaneous, or neuromuscular receptors; moreover, sight and touch have, relative to audition, fewer synapses in the ascending pathways to neocortex (Dykes 1983; Stone 1983). Perhaps the auditory system has more opportunities for inhibitory and other local interactions.

Keywords

Pyramidal Cell Auditory Cortex Inferior Colliculus Layer Versus Local Field Potential 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

AAF

anterior auditory field

AI

primary auditory cortex

AII

second auditory cortex area

APt

anterior pretectum

Aq

cerebral aqueduct

BIC

brachium of the inferior colliculus

BSC

brachium of the superior colliculus

C

caudal

c

contralateral

CG

central gray

CN

central nucleus of the inferior colliculus

CP

cerebral peduncle

D

dorsal nucleus of the medial geniculate body or dorsal

DD

deep dorsal nucleus of the medial geniculate body

DC

dorsal cortex of the inferior colliculus

DS

dorsal superficial nucleus of the medial geniculate body

DZ

dorsal auditory zone

ED

posterior ectosylvian gyrus, intermediate area

EP

posterior ectosylvian gyrus

EPSP

excitatory postsynaptic potential

EV

posterior ectosylvian gyrus, ventral part

EW

Edinger-Westphal nucleus

FSU

fast-spiking unit

GABA

gamma aminobutyric acid

GAD

glutamic acid decarboxylase

ICc

central nucleus of the inferior colliculus

ICp

caudal cortex of the inferior colliculus

I

Golgi type I cell

II

Golgi type II cell

III

oculomotor nucleus

In

insular cortex

LC

lateral cortex of the inferior colliculus

LD

lateral dorsal nucleus

LGB

lateral geniculate body

LMN

lateral mesencephalic nucleus

LP

lateral posterior nucleus

M

medial division of the medial geniculate body or medial

ML

medial lemniscus

MRF

mesencephalic reticular formation

MZ

marginal zone of medial geniculate body

NBIC

nucleus of the brachium of the inferior colliculus

NMDA

N-methyl-D-aspartate

OR

optic radiation

OT

optic tract

Ov

pars ovoidea of the ventral division of the medial geniculate body

PKC

protein kinase c

PLSS

posterior lateral suprasylvian area

Pol

rostral pole of the medial geniculate body

Pom

medial part of the posterior group

Pt

pretectum

Pul

pulvinar nucleus

Pv

parvalbumin

Re

thalamic reticular nucleus

RF

reticular formation

RN

red nucleus

RP

rostral pole nucleus of the inferior colliculus

RSU

regular-spiking unit

SC

superior colliculus

SCi

intermediate gray layer of superior colliculus

SCp

deep layer of superior colliculus

SCs

superficial gray layer of superior colliculus

Sl

suprageniculate nucleus, lateral part

Sm

suprageniculate nucleus, medial part

SN

substantia nigra

SNR, SNr

substantia nigra, pars reticulata

Spf

subparafascicular nucleus

SpN

suprapeduncular nucleus

Te

temporal cortex

V

pars lateralis of the ventral division or ventral

Vb

ventrobasal complex

Vl,vl

ventrolateral nucleus of the medial geniculate body

VP

ventral posterior area

VTA

ventral tegmental area

WAHG

wheatgerm apo-horseradish gold

wm

white matter

ZI

zona incerta

I–VI,1–6

layers of cerebral cortex

Notes

Acknowledgments

Thanks to Ms. Katie D. Dorsch for conscientious preparation of the figures. This work was supported by United States Public Health Service grant R01 DC02319-28.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Neurobiology, Department of Molecular and Cell BiologyUniversity of California at BerkeleyBerkeleyUSA

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