Physical Principles and Constitutive Models of Piezoelectric Materials

Chapter

Abstract

This chapter presents a detailed discussion on physical principles and constitutive models of piezoelectric materials and structures. Starting with an elementary level in the fundamentals of piezoelectricity, the constitutive models of piezoelectric materials are presented. To complete the chapter and provide the readers with practical information, the engineering applications of piezoelectric materials and structures with a special emphasis to piezoelectric-based actuators and sensors are presented. More specifically, the applications of piezoelectric actuators and sensors in ultra-fine micro/nano-scale positioning and manipulation are reviewed briefly, leaving the details to Chaps. 3–5. Finally, a brief discussion on future directions and outlooks for piezoelectric materials and systems is given.

Keywords

Titanium Anisotropy Zirconate Lithium Torque 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering373 Snell Engineering Center Northeastern UniversityBostonUSA

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