Canada: New Ideology and Social Assistance in Post-industrial Society

  • Patricia M. Daenzer

Contemporary analyses of the Canadian post-industrial welfare state frequently focus on globalization, the creeping market demon sniffing out social programs, as the cause of current welfare state regressions (Mishra, 1999; Fligstein, 1998; Barlow, 1996). Critiques infer that social programs are no longer structured to adequately assist workers made jobless by the global market machinery. State aid now has to be earned following great suffering and loss of dignity (National Council of Welfare, 1997). Social programs put in place between the 1940s and the 1960s, such as employment insurance, retraining assistance, and social assistance, which fall short of adequate, are now seen as too generous (Tzembelicos, 1996). The neoliberal culture of individual responsibility and competitive market accumulation is now in tension with the more old-fashioned values of the just society. In this free and competitive market climate, generous social programs became the antithesis to the labor exploitation so essential for maximum accumulation at the lowest possible cost (Gindin, 2004).


Welfare State Policy Language Social Assistance Social Program Universal Health Care 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Social WorkMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada

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