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Psychological Co-morbidities of Dementia

  • Carla Bejjani
  • Mark E. Kunik
Chapter

Abstract

Dementia is a clinical syndrome characterized by a gradually progressing cognitive impairment. This impairment is commonly manifested by memory deficits; but the presence of one or more additional cognitive disturbances, including aphasia, agnosia, apraxia or executive dysfunction, is required to make the diagnosis, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) criteria. Those disturbances should be a change from the previous baseline and should cause significant distress to the patient and caregivers. Medical problems that can cause memory impairment, substance abuse and a psychiatric axis I diagnosis need to be ruled out before making the diagnosis of dementia (The American Journal of Psychiatry 164:5–56, 2007).

Keywords

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Sleep Disturbance Generalize Anxiety Disorder Psychotic Symptom Atypical Antipsychotic 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesBaylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA
  2. 2.VA HSR & D Houston Center of ExcellenceMichael E. DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical CenterHoustonUSA
  3. 3.Menninger Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesBaylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA
  4. 4.Veterans Affairs South Central Mental Illness ResearchEducation and Clinical CenterHoustonUSA

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