Liver Cancer

  • Minghua Jin
  • He Qiang


Primary hepatic carcinoma, malignancy of the liver, derives primarily from hepatocytes or intrahepatic bile duct epithelium. It is estimated that over 110,000 people die of hepatic carcinoma per year worldwide. China, particularly the provinces of Jiangsu, Fujian, Guangdong, and Guangxi, is among countries with the highest incidence, with over 100,000 new cases diagnosed annually and with morbidity five- to tenfold higher than Europe and North America. Moreover, the disease is more common in middle-aged males compared to females with a ratio of 3:1 in the high incidence areas.


Liver Cancer Blood Stasis Primary Liver Cancer Poor Appetite Gingival Hemorrhage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.TCM Department, The Institute of Western Integrated Traditional MedicineThe First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen UniversityGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Hepatobiliary DepartmentThe First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen UniversityGuangzhouChina

Personalised recommendations