In Oracle 10gR1, Oracle introduced Automatic Storage Management (ASM) and changed the way we think of managing database storage. Exadata is tightly integrated with ASM and provides the underlying disks that have traditionally been presented to ASM by the operating system. Looking at all the various intricacies of cell storage can be a little daunting at first. There are several layers of abstraction between physical disks and the ASM disk groups many DBAs are familiar with. If you’ve never worked with Oracle’s ASM product there will be a lot of new terms and concepts to understand there as well. In Chapter 8 we discussed the underlying layers of Exadata storage from the physical disks up through the cell disk layer. This chapter will pick up where Chapter 8 left off, and discuss how cell disks are used to create grid disks for ASM storage. We’ll briefly discuss the underlying disk architecture of the storage cell and how Linux presents physical disks to the application layer. From there, we’ll take a look at the options for carving up and presenting Exadata grid disks to the database tier. The approach Oracle recommends is to create a few large “pools” of disks across all storage cells. While this approach generally works well from a performance standpoint, there are reasons to consider alternative strategies. Sometimes, isolating a set of storage cells to form a separate storage grid is desirable. This provides separation from more critical systems within the Exadata enclosure so that patches may be installed and tested before they are implemented in production. Along the way we’ll take a look at how ASM provides fault resiliency and storage virtualization to databases. Lastly, we’ll take a look at how storage security is implemented on Exadata. The storage cell is a highly performant, highly complex, and highly configurable blend of hardware and software. This chapter will take a close look at how all the various pieces work together to provide flexible, high-performance storage to Oracle databases.
KeywordsDatabase Server Cell Disk Failure Group Storage Cell Data Transfer Rate
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.