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Poison Gas and Atrocities in the Italo-Ethiopian War (1935–1936)

Chapter
Part of the Italian and Italian American Studies book series (IIAS)

Abstract

Although Italy had ratified the 1925 Geneva Protocol against the use of asphyxiating chemicals in war on April 3, 1928, Mussolini was willing to incur international condemnation by allowing the use of gas to expedite the conquest of Ethiopia. The Italian army’s deployment of chemical weapons facilitated its final victory by wearing down the Ethiopians and breaking their will to fight. In addition to the 1925 gas protocol, Italian troops violated other international pacts by freely bombing Red Cross ambulances, hospitals, and civilian targets.

Keywords

Chemical Weapon Ministero Deli Tank Driver Southern Front Artillery Shell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 18.
    George Lawther Steer, Caesar in Abyssinia (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1936).Google Scholar
  2. 19.
    Pietro Badoglio, La guerra d’Etiopia (Milan: Mondadori, 1936), 101;Google Scholar
  3. Antonio Perria, Impero mod. ‘91 (Milan: Il Momento, 1967), 180, n. 3;Google Scholar
  4. Angelo Del Boca, Gli Italiani in Africa orientale: La conquista dell’impero (Rome and Bari: Laterza, 1979), 440, 486, 488.Google Scholar
  5. 28.
    Rodolfo Graziani, Il fronte sud (Milan: Mondadori, 1938), 220; author’s personal interview with Alessandro Lessona, former Minister of Colonies, October 27, 1972.Google Scholar
  6. 37.
    Herbert M. Hanson and Delia Hanson, For God and Emperor, 35 (Mountain View, CA: Pacific Press, 1958).Google Scholar
  7. 56.
    Interview by Del Boca with General Faldella: Angelo Del Boca, La guerra d’Abissinia, 1935–1941 (Milan: Feltrinelli, 1978), 76.Google Scholar
  8. 57.
    Alessandro Lessona, Memorie (Florence: Sansoni, 1958), 292.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Ruth Ben-Ghiat and Mia Fuller 2005

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