The Twentieth Century: The State Embedded?
The twentieth century saw the expansion of the state to its greatest limits, penetrating further into society and controlling more of the lives of the people who lived under it than ever before. The principal form this took in the West was the capitalist welfare state; in the East, the communist state. Linked with this was a change in the state’s formal relationship with the people over whom it ruled, a change reflected in the rise of democratic politics and the designation of those people as ‘citizens’. Both the development of the state and the rise of citizenship continued trends begun as a result of industrialization and discussed in Chapter 4. These changes embedded the state more firmly into society than it had ever been before and, in the welfare (but not communist) states, strengthened the ties of interdependence.
KeywordsDepression Europe Income Arena Nism
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Notes and References
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