It has been argued that users of publicly funded mental health services should receive interventions which meet their specific needs and are proven by research to be effective (Falloon and Fadden, 1993). Research carried out around the world over the past two decades has provided evidence for the effectiveness of working with families of people who have a diagnosis of schizophrenia (Penn and Mueser, 1996).


Mental Health Service Schizophrenic Patient Express Emotion Family Intervention Communication Training 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Backer, T.E., Liberman, R.P. and Kuehnel, T.G. (1986) ‘Dissemination and adoption of innovative psychosocial interventions’, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 54, 111–18.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Barrowclough, C. and Parle, M. (1997) ‘Appraisal, expressed emotion and distress in relatives of schizophrenic patients’, British Journal of Psychiatry, 171, 26–30.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Barrowclough, C. and Tarrier, N. (1992) Families of Schizophrenic Patients. Cognitive Behavioural Intervention, London, Chapman & Hall.Google Scholar
  4. Birchwood, M., Smith, J. and Cochrane, R. et al. (1990) ‘The social functioning scale: the development and validation of a scale of social adjustment for use in family intervention programmes with schizophrenic patients’, British Journal of Psychiatry, 157, 853–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Boyle, M. (1990) Schizophrenia: a scientific delusion? London, Routledge.Google Scholar
  6. Brown, G.W., Birley, J.L.T. and Wing, J.K. (1972) ‘Influence of family life on the course of schizophrenic disorder: a replication’, British Journal of Psychiatry, 121, 241–58.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Clark, R.E. (1994) ‘Family costs associated with severe mental illness and substance use’, Hospital and Community Psychiatry, 45, 808–13.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Clinical Standards Advisory Group (1995) Schizophrenia, Vol. 1, London, HMSO.Google Scholar
  9. Fadden, G. (1997) ‘Implementation of family interventions in routine clinical practice following staff training programs: a major cause for concern’, Journal of Mental Health, 6(6), 599–612.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fadden, G. (1998) ‘Family intervention’, in C. Brooker and J. Repper (eds), Serious Mental Health Problems in the Community: Policy, Practice and Research, London, Balliere Tindall.Google Scholar
  11. Falloon, I.R.H., Mueser K. and Gingerich F. et al. (1988) Behaviour Family Therapy: A Workbook, Buckingham, Buckingham Mental Health Service.Google Scholar
  12. Falloon, I.R.H. and Fadden, G. (1993) Integrated Mental Health Care, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Goldstein, M.J., Rodnick, E.H., Evans, J.R., May, P.R.A. and Steinberg, M.R. (1978) ‘Drug and family therapy in the aftercare of acute schizophrenics’, Archives of General Psychiatry, 35, 1169–77.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Hogarty, G., Anderson, C.M. and Reiss, D.J. et al. (1986) ‘Family Psychoeducation, social skills training, and maintenance chemotherapy in the aftercare treatment of schizophrenia. I: one-year effects of a controlled study on relapse and expressed emotion’, Archives of General Psychiatry, 43, 633–42.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Hughes, I., Hailwood, R., Abbati-Yeoman, J. and Budd, R. (1996) ‘Developing a family intervention service for serious mental illness: clinical observations and experiences’, Journal of Mental Health, 5(2), 145–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Johnstone, L. (1999) ‘Do families cause schizophrenia? Revisiting a taboo subject’, Changes, 17(2), 77–90.Google Scholar
  17. Kavanagh, D.J. (1992) ‘Recent developments in expressed emotion and schizophrenia’, British Journal of Psychiatry, 160, 601–20.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Kavanagh, D.J., Piatkowska, O., Clark, D., O’Halloran, P., Manicavasagar, V. and Rosen, A. (1993) ‘Application of cognitive-behavioural family interventions for schizophrenia in multidisciplinary teams: what can the matter be?’, Australian Psychologist, 28(3), 181–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kingdon, D.G. and Turkington, D. (1994) Cognitive Behavioural Therapy of Schizophrenia, Hove, Psychology Press, Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  20. Krawiecka, M., Goldberg, D.P. and Vaughn, M. (1977) ‘A standardised psychiatric assessment scale for rating chronic psychotic patients’, Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 55, 299–308; modified by Lancashire (1998).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Lancashire, S. (1998) The KGV (M) Symptom Scale Version 6, unpublished paper, University of Manchester.Google Scholar
  22. Leff, J. (1994) ‘Working with the families of schizophrenic patients’, British Journal of Psychiatry, 164(Suppl. 23), 71–6.Google Scholar
  23. Marks, I., Connolly, J., Muijen, M., Audini, B., McNamee, G. and Lawrence, R.E. (1994) ‘Home-based versus hospital-based care for people with serious mental illness’, British Journal of Psychiatry, 165, 179–94.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Miller, F., Dworkin, J., Ward, M. and Barone, D. (1990) ‘A preliminary study of unresolved grief in families of seriously mentally ill patients’, Hospital and Community Psychiatry, 41, 1321–5.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Penn, D.L. and Mueser, K.T. (1996) ‘Research update on the psychosocial treatment of schizophrenia’, American Journal of Psychiatry, 153(5), 607–17.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Tarrier, N., Barrowclough, C. and Vaughn, C. et al. (1988) ‘The community management of schizophrenia: a controlled trial of behavioural intervention with families to reduce relapse’, British Journal of Psychiatry, 153, 532–42.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Vaughn, C. and Leff, J. (1976) ‘The influence of family and social factors on the course of psychiatric illness’, British Journal of Psychiatry, 129, 125–37.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Vaughn, C., Snyder, K.S. and Freeman, W. et al. (1984) ‘Family factors in schizophrenic relapse: a replication in California of British research on expressed emotion’, Archives of General Psychiatry, 41, 1169–77.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Walsh, O.F. and Harman, C.P. (1989) ‘Family views of stigma’, Schizophrenia Bulletin, 15(1), 131–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Wig, W.N., Menon, D.K. and Bedi, H. (1987) ‘Expressed emotion and schizophrenia in North India’, British Journal of Psychiatry, 151, 156–73.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Wing, J.K., Curtis, R.H. and Beevor, A.S. (1996) HoNOS, Health of the Nation Outcome Scales. Report on research and development, London, Research Unit, Royal College of Psychiatrists.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Neil Harris, Steve Williams, Tim Bradshaw 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Reader

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations