The Political Fitness of Middle-Class Males

  • John Garrard
Part of the British Studies Series book series (BRSS)


Having examined how democratisation occurred, we now turn to the character of the groups thus politically admitted. How far were they politically fit in the varied senses understood by contemporaries and making sense to us, and how far does this help explain the apparent success and painlessness of the democratisation process? This implies three interlinked questions. First, how far were these groups fit in terms of independence, rationality, political training and commitment to the values of the slowly emerging liberal democratic system? Second, how far did they possess values and virtues likely to render them and their political demands absorbable? Third, how far were they capable of becoming effective citizens, able to achieve their ends by political means? We start where democratisation started — with middle-class males.


Civil Society Middle Class Voluntary Organisation Early Eighteenth Century Annual General Meeting 
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© John Garrard 2002

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  • John Garrard

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