China’s concentrated HIV epidemic is on the brink of becoming a generalized one in several regions of the country. Social factors relating to gender and gender inequality exacerbate the spread of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STI) in China. A better understanding of the proximate social determinants of HIV related to gender is crucial for effectively curbing HIV and other STIs in China. Aspects of China’s governance, including administrative procedures, the developing legal system, social institutions, and the public health infrastructure, are all instrumental in shaping strategies and responses to HIV. Although an international consensus suggests that women who are more economically and socially vulnerable are also at greater risk of HIV infection, few initiatives have focused on discrete areas where achievable and sustainable policy measures could be meaningfully linked to the public health response.
KeywordsSexual Risk Sexually Transmitted Infection Public Health Response Sexually Transmitted Infection Clinic Public Health Infrastructure
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