Efficiency Criteria

  • Klaus Mathis
  • Deborah Shannon
Part of the Law and Philosophy Library book series (LAPS, volume 84)

Defining efficiency criteria is a traditional concern of welfare economics. Whereas microeconomics deals with the behaviour of individual economic agents and the workings of markets, the task of welfare economics is to develop criteria for evaluating economic policy measures and economic regulatory systems. Welfare economics has both a positive and a normative element. On the one hand it attempts to explain how certain economic policy measures or economic regulatory systems influence a country’s economic development. On the other hand it is concerned with evaluating social states, i.e.~finding out whether the effects triggered by a particular action are thought to have raised or lowered welfare.


Pareto Optimum Competitive Equilibrium Initial Endowment Monetary Unit Social Utility 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Klaus Mathis
    • 1
  • Deborah Shannon
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of LawUniversity of LucerneSwitzerland
  2. 2.NorwichUnited Kingdom

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