Advanced modulation formats for fiber optic communication systems

  • John C. Mauro
  • Srikanth Raghavan
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering book series (LNCSE, volume 68)


Choice of modulation format plays a critical role in the design and performance of fiber optic communication systems. We discuss the basic physics of electro-optic phase and amplitude modulation and derive model transfer functions for ideal and non-ideal Mach-Zehnder modulators. We describe the generation and characteristics of the standard nonreturn-to-zero (NRZ) modulation format, as well as advanced formats such as return-to-zero (RZ), carrier-suppressed RZ (CSRZ), duobinary, modified duobinary, differential phase-shift keyed (DPSK), and return-to-zero DPSK (RZ-DPSK). Finally, we discuss the relative merits of these formats with respect to a variety of system impairments.


Fiber optics Modulation formats Optical communication system Modeling 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Science and Technology DivisionCorning IncorporatedCorningUSA

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