Power, Language, and Race Relations Within Francophone Communities in Canada

  • Amal Madibbo
Part of the Globalisation, Comparative Education and Policy Research book series (GCEP, volume 6)


Franco-Ontarians have been migrating to the province from Quebec, Acadia, and other parts of Canada since the second half of the nineteenth century (Boudreau, 1995; Martel, 1995; Welch, 1988). Many studies (Choquette, 1977; Labrie and Forlot, 1999) reveal that franco-Ontarians constitute a linguistic minority vis-à-vis dominance of anglophone state institutions. They have been struggling throughout history for the right to establish and control their own institutions in their own language. This process has had considerable success: the Official Languages Act was passed in 1969. It provides funding for official language minority communities. The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms was adopted in 1982. It gives the right for schooling in any of the two official languages in a minority context, and the establishment of political, social, financial, and educational institutions. Moreover, many associations were established to guide the struggle of francophones: Association canadienne-française de l’Ontario (ACFO) has been perceived for many decades as the official representative for the minority in the province.


Power Relation Social Practice Racial Minority Official Language Race Relation 
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  • Amal Madibbo

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