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The Nile pp 243-261 | Cite as

Rwenzori Mountains (Mountains of the Moon): Headwaters of the White Nile

  • Hilde Eggermont
  • Kay Van Damme
  • James M. Russell
Part of the Monographiae Biologicae book series (MOBI, volume 89)

The Rwenzori Mountains, Ptolemy's legendary Mountains of the Moon, were created in the late Pliocene (less than 5 Ma bp) and stretch along the border between western Uganda and Democratic Republic of Congo. The landscape has been sculptured by repeated growth of glaciers, resulting in numerous lakes and six separate mountains rising over 4,500 m asl. Apart from being considered the (highest) source of the White Nile, the range is also renowned for its high level of endemicity, especially with regard to the terrestrial biota. In this chapter, we sketch the history of exploration, and summarize the main characteristics of Rwenzori's terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. We also point out some highlights in the paleo-climatic history of the range.

Keywords

Last Glacial Maximum Zoological Society Rwenzori Mountain Modern Glacier African Mountain 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hilde Eggermont
    • Kay Van Damme
      • James M. Russell
        • 1
      1. 1.Geological SciencesBrown UniversityProvidenceUSA

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