Structural, Mechanical, and Superconducting Properties of Clathrates

Chapter
Part of the Carbon Materials: Chemistry and Physics book series (CMCP, volume 3)

Abstract

Clathrates are superhard cagelike structures with sp3 bonding that have been up to now synthesized for silicon. There is however some evidence of a carbon based counterpart in meteorites. If realized, carbon clathrates could on the one hand provide a material harder than diamond and on the other hand offer the possibility for selective doping and superconducting properties by intercalation. In this chapter all these aspects are thoroughly discussed by means of ab initio calculations based on density functional theory.

Keywords

Graphite Hydrate Lithium Foam Cage 

Notes

Acknowledgements

X.B. is indebted to D. Connétable, E. Bourgeois and V. Timoshevskii, for important contributions to part of the work presented in this chapter. G.B and M.B gratefully acknowledge the contributions to the work presented here by J. Cariboni, L. Colombo, E. Galvani, S. Gaito, A. Gambirasio, G. Onida, S. Sanguinetti, S. Serra, I. Spagnolatti and F. Zipoli. One of us (GB) acknowledges the support of the Ikerbasque Foundation (project ABSIDES).

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Copyright information

© Springer Netherlands 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xavier Blase
    • 1
  • Giorgio Benedek
    • 2
    • 3
  • Marco Bernasconi
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut NéelCNRS and University Joseph FourierGrenobleFrance
  2. 2.Department of Materials ScienceUniversity of Milano-BicoccaMilanItaly
  3. 3.Donostia International Physics Center (DIPC)Donostia/SanSpain

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