Advertisement

The characterization of color mutations in Bangiaceae (Bangiales, Rhodophyta)

  • Jinfeng Wang
  • Pu Xu
  • Jianyi Zhu
  • Wei Zhou
  • Jianrong Xu
  • Xiugeng Fei
  • Xuecheng Zhang
Chapter
Part of the Developments in Applied Phycology book series (DAPH, volume 2)

Abstract

The color mutations in Bangiaceae were investigated by treating the blades, conchocelis and conchospores phase of Bangia sp., Porphyra yezoensis, and P. haitanensis sampled in China with mutagen N-methyl-N′-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG). A high percentage of mutation in different expression characteristics in all three phases were shown within optimum mutagen concentrations. Among mutagenized blades, mutations occurred on single cells, which is a direct outcome of mutation of haploid cells. The mutation of mutagenized conchocelis resulted in a two-step process: low-level expression in conchocelis phase, and high-level expression in progeny, explaining that mutation took place in diploid cells. The mutations of conchospores were expressed immediately at germination of spores, indicating a change in ploidy. This paper reports the process of meiosis and its effect on frond development, and the relation between color mutations and morphological characteristics expressed by mutations in Bangiaceae.

Keywords

Bangiaceae Color mutations Development Meiosis Mutagenesis 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aruga Y (1974) Color of the cultivated Porphyra. w kushitachi no Nori Kenkyu 23:1–14Google Scholar
  2. Burzycki GM, Waaland JR (1987) On the position of meiosis in the life history of Porphyra torta (Rhodophyta). Bot Mar 30:5–10Google Scholar
  3. Fjeld A, Lφvlie A (1976) Genetics of multicellular marine algae. In: Lewin RA (ed.). Botanical Monographs 12. The Genetics of Algae. Black Sci Pub, London UK, pp 219–235Google Scholar
  4. Kobara T, Miura A, Aruga Y (1976) In vitro studies on the green type mutant of Porphyra yezoensis Ueda. La Mer 14:58–63Google Scholar
  5. Ma JH, Miura A (1984) Observations of the nuclear division in the conchospores and their germlings in Porphyra yezoensis Ueda. Jpn J Phycol 32:373–378Google Scholar
  6. Migita S, Fujita Y (1983) Studies on the color mutant types of Porphyra yezoensis Ueda, and thir experimental culture. Fac Fish Nagasaki Univ 54:55–60Google Scholar
  7. Mitman GG, van der Meer JP (1994) Meiosis, blade development, and sex determination in Porphyra purpurea (Rhodophyta). J Phycol 30:147–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Miura A (1975) Studies on the breeding of cultivated Porphyra (Rhodophyceae). Third International Ocean Development Conference (Aug.5–8, 1975) Tokyo. Marine Resources 3:81–93Google Scholar
  9. Miura A (1976) Genetic studies of cultivated Porphyra (Nori) improvement. Mar Sci 8:15–21Google Scholar
  10. Miura A (1977) Chimeral variegation found in Porphyra. J Phycol 13:45Google Scholar
  11. Miura A (1985) Origin and Evolution of Diversity in Plants and Plant Communities. In: Hara H (ed). Genetic analysis of the variant color types of light red, light green and light yellow phenotypes of Porphyra yezoensis (Bangiales, Rhodophyta). Academic Scientific Book Inc, Tokyo, pp 270–284Google Scholar
  12. Miura A (1990) Present trends and perspective in Porphyra (Nori) breeding-Genetics of pigmentation mutants in Porphyra yezoensis: Development origin of variegated gametophytic thalli. Suisan Ikushu 15:19–30Google Scholar
  13. Miura A, Kunifuji Y (1980) Genetic analysis of the pigmentation types in the seaweed Susabi nori (Porphyra yezoensis). Iden 34(9):14–20Google Scholar
  14. Miura A, Ohme TM (1994) Mendelian inheritance of pigmentation mutant types in Porphyra yezoensis Ueda (Bangiales, Rhodophyta). Jap J Phycol 42:83–101Google Scholar
  15. Miura A, Aruga Y, Fuseya M (1974) Thremmatological studies of the cultivated Porphyra. II. Effect of selection on the form and color of foliose thalli in Porphyra yezoensis f. narawaensis. Nippon Suisan Gakkai, Meeting abstract: 93Google Scholar
  16. Miura A, Fu PF, Shin JA (1992) Interspecific cross experiments between Porphyra yezoensis Ueda and P. tenera Kjellman (Bangiales, Rhodophyta) by using pigmentation variants. J Tokyo Univ Fish 79(1):103–120Google Scholar
  17. Niwa K, Miura A, Shin JA, Aruga Y (1993) Characterization and genetic analysis of the violet type pigmentation mutant of Porphyra yezoensis Ueda (Bangiales, Rhodophyta). Korean J Phycol 8:217–230Google Scholar
  18. Ohme M, Miura A (1988) Tetrad analysis in conchospore germlings of Porphyra yezoensis (Rhodophyta, Bangiales). Plant Sci 57:135–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Ohme M, Kunifuji Y, Miura A (1986) Cross experiments of color mutants in Porphyra yezoensis Ueda. Jap J Phycol 34:101–106Google Scholar
  20. Provasoli L (1966) Culture and Collections of Algae. In: A Watanabe, A Hattori (eds). Media and prospects for the cultivation. Proc U. S. pp 63–75Google Scholar
  21. Shin JA, Miura A (1990) Estimation of the degree of self-fertilization in Porphyra yezoensis (Bangiales, Rhodophyta). Hydrobiologia 204/205:397–400CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Tseng CK, Sun A (1989) Studies on the alternation of the nuclear phases and chromosome numbers in the life history some species of Porphyra from China. Bot Mar 32:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. van der Meer JP (1977) Genetics of Gracilaria sp. (Rhodophyceae, Gigartinales).II.The life history and genetic implications of cytokinetic failure during tetraspore formation. Phycologia 16:367–371Google Scholar
  24. van der Meer JP (1978) Genetics of Gracilaria sp.(Rhodophyceae, Gigartinales). III. Non-Mendelian gene transmission. Phycologia 17:314–318Google Scholar
  25. van der Meer JP (1979) Genetics of Gracilaria sp. (Rhodophyceae, Gigartinales). VI. Complementation and linkage analysis of pigmentation mutants. Can J Bot 57:64–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. van der Meer JP (1986) Genetic contributions to research on seaweeds. Porg Phycol Res 4:1–38Google Scholar
  27. van der Meer JP, Bird NL (1977) Genetics of Gracilaria sp. (Rhodophyceae, Gigartinales).I. Mendelian inheritance of two spontaneous green variants. Phycologia 16:159–161Google Scholar
  28. van der Meer JP, Todd ER (1977) Genetics of Gracilaria sp. (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales). IV. Mitotic recombination and its relationship to mixed phases in the life history. Can J Bot 55:2810–2817CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. van der Meer JP, Zhang XC (1988) Similar unstable mutations in three species of Gracilaria. J Phycol 24:198–202Google Scholar
  30. van der Meer JP, Patwary MU, Bird CJ (1984) Genetics of Gracilaria tikvahiae (Rhodophyceae).X. Studies on a bisexual clone. J Phycol 20:42–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Xu P, Shen SD, Fei XG, Zhang XC, Zhu JY (2002a) Induction Effect and Genetic analysis of NG to Conchospores of Porphyra. Mar Sci Bull 4:68–75Google Scholar
  32. Xu P, Shen SD, Fei XG, Zhang XC, Zhu JY (2002b) Induction Effect and Genetic analysis of NG to thallus of Porphyra. Mar Sci Bull 4:76–82Google Scholar
  33. Yan XH, Aruga Y (1997) Induction of pigmentation mutants by treatment of monospore germlings with NNG in Porphyra yezoensis Ueda (Bangiales, Rhodophyta). Algae 12:39–52Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jinfeng Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Pu Xu
    • 1
  • Jianyi Zhu
    • 1
  • Wei Zhou
    • 1
  • Jianrong Xu
    • 1
  • Xiugeng Fei
    • 3
  • Xuecheng Zhang
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of BiologyChangshu Institute of TechnologyChangshuChina
  2. 2.College of Life ScienceNanjing Normal UniversityNanjingChina
  3. 3.Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of SciencesTsingdaoChina
  4. 4.College of Marine Life ScienceChinese Ocean UniversityTsingdaoChina

Personalised recommendations