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Growth and survival performance of the gametophyte of Gigartina skottsbergii (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales) under defined nutrient conditions in laboratory culture

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Part of the Developments in Applied Phycology book series (DAPH,volume 2)

Abstract

Gigartina skottsbergii is a commercially important carrageenan producer that has been suffering severe extraction pressure in Chile’s Magellan Region and Cape Horn Archipelago since 1998. In order to create baseline information for its cultivation and repopulation, we studied the effects of agricultural fertilizers on growth of G. skottsbergii early developmental stages. The culture media utilized were: a) seawater + Bayfoland, b) seawater + Superphosphate, c) seawater + Urea, d) seawater + Provasoli and e) seawater as a control. The culture conditions were: a) 12L:12D photoperiod; b) temperature 8 ± 1°C and c) irradiance at 45 µmol photons m−2 s−1. After 60 days, higher relative growth rates between treatments were observed; the treatments that included Bayfoland and Provasoli showed greater growth (382 ± 55 and 378 ± 50 µm, respectively,) compared to Superphosphate (88 ± 16 µm), control (78 ± 10 µm) and Urea (70 ± 11 µm) treatments, after 81 days. The Urea treatment and the control had inhibitory effects on G. skottsbergii germlings growth and survival, as evidenced by progressive loss of pigmentation and death after 60 days. These results showed that Bayfoland was an excellent alternative to develop cultures.

Keywords

  • Gigartina skottsbergii
  • Growth
  • Nutrient requirements

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Correspondence to A. Mansilla .

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Mansilla, A., Palacios, M., Navarro, N.P., Avila, M. (2007). Growth and survival performance of the gametophyte of Gigartina skottsbergii (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales) under defined nutrient conditions in laboratory culture. In: Borowitzka, M.A., Critchley, A.T., Kraan, S., Peters, A., Sjøtun, K., Notoya, M. (eds) Nineteenth International Seaweed Symposium. Developments in Applied Phycology, vol 2. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9619-8_53

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