The Side Effects of the Bologna Process on National Institutional Settings: The Case of France

  • Christine Musselin
Part of the Higher Education Dynamics book series (HEDY, volume 26)


The successive declarations which punctuated the Bologna process since 1998 promote large ambitious goals – among them, competitiveness, quality, mobility, etc. – and rely on two main objectives to attain these goals. The first one has already been achieved in almost all signing countries and consists in the generalisation of a two-tier structure (bachelor and master) for all European curricula, most of them corresponding to a three year + two year cycle, even if variations are still to be found from one country to another or from one institutional sector to another in the same country (see, for instance, Witte 2006).


High Education Institution High Education System Bologna Process French Ministry National Degree 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



I am grateful to J. Witte and K. Martens for their comments and suggestions on first versions of this text. It also benefited from the constructive discussions held at the Douro 6 Seminar.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christine Musselin
    • 1
  1. 1.De Sociologie Des OrganisationsParisFrance

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