European Integration and the Governance of Higher Education and Research

Volume 26 of the series Higher Education Dynamics pp 181-205


The Side Effects of the Bologna Process on National Institutional Settings: The Case of France

  • Christine MusselinAffiliated withDe Sociologie Des Organisations

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The successive declarations which punctuated the Bologna process since 1998 promote large ambitious goals – among them, competitiveness, quality, mobility, etc. – and rely on two main objectives to attain these goals. The first one has already been achieved in almost all signing countries and consists in the generalisation of a two-tier structure (bachelor and master) for all European curricula, most of them corresponding to a three year + two year cycle, even if variations are still to be found from one country to another or from one institutional sector to another in the same country (see, for instance, Witte 2006).