Skip to main content

Role of Ethylene, Abscisic Acid and MAP Kinase Pathways in Rice Blast Resistance

  • Conference paper

Abstract

A combination of genetic, molecular, biochemical and pathological approaches have been taken to elucidate the defense signaling pathways leading to rice blast resistance and susceptibility. Using transgenic rice lines defective in salicylic acid (SA) or jasmonic acid (JA) pathways, we have previously shown that SA is not an effective signal molecule in rice but acts as a constitutive antioxidant to protect rice plants from the pathogen-induced oxidative damage. On the other hand, JA pathway is involved in mediating rice defense gene expression and blast resistance. Recently, increasing evidence suggests that ethylene (ET) biosynthesis is important for rice blast resistance. Based on the analysis of transgenic rice lines defective in ET, abscisic acid (ABA), or mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase pathways, we have demonstrated that ET and its antagonistic interaction with ABA plays a crucial role in rice blast resistance. Furthermore, a stress-responsive MAP kinase was found to mediate the cross-talk between ABA and ET pathways and inversely regulate rice blast resistance and abiotic stress tolerance.

Keywords

  • Defense pathways
  • Host resistance
  • Protein kinase
  • Signal transduction

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4020-9500-9_19
  • Chapter length: 6 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   189.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-1-4020-9500-9
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   249.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   279.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  • Agrawal, G.K., Rakwal, R., and Jwa, N.S. 2000. Rice (Oryza sativa L.) PR1b gene is phytohormonally regulated in close interaction with light signals. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Comm. 278: 290–298.

    PubMed  CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Alonso, J.M., Hirayama, T., Roman, G., Nourizadeh, S., and Ecker, J.R. 1999. EIN2, a bifunctional transducer of ethylene and stress responses in Arabidopsis. Science 284: 2148–2152.

    PubMed  CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Bent, A.F., Innes, R.W., Ecker, J.R., and Staskawicz, B.J. 1992. Disease development in ethylene-insensitive Arabidopsis thaliana infected with virulent and avirulent Pseudomonas and Xanthomonas pathogens. Mol. Plant Microbe Interact. 5: 372–378.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Bleecker, A.B., and Kende, H. 2000. Ethylene: a gaseous signal molecular in plants. Annu. Rev. Cell Dev. Biol. 16: 1–18.

    PubMed  CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Broekaert, W.F., Delaure, S.L., De Bolle, M.F.C., and Cammue, B.P.A. 2006. The role of ethylene in host-pathogen interactions. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 44: 393–416.

    PubMed  CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Bonman, J.M., Sanchez, L.M., and Mackill, A.O. 1988. Effects of water deficit on rice blast. II. Disease-development in the field. J. Plant Prot. Trop. 5: 67–73.

    Google Scholar 

  • Gill, M.A., and Bonman, J.M. 1988. Effects of water deficit on rice blast. I. Influence of water deficit on components of resistance. J. Plant Prot. Trop. 5: 61–66.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hemmi, T., Abe, T., and Inoue, Y. 1941. Studies on the rice blast disease: relation of the environment to the development of blast disease and races of the blast fungus. Noji Kairyo Shiryo 157: 1–232.

    Google Scholar 

  • Iwai, T., Miyaska, A., Seo, S., and Ohashi, Y. 2006. Contribution of ethylene biosynthesis for resistance to blast fungus infection in young rice plants. Plant Physiol. 142: 1202–1215.

    PubMed  CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Jwa, N.-S., Agrawal, G.K., Tamogami, S., Yonekura, M., Han, O., Iwahashi, H., and Rakwal, R. (2006). Role of defense/stress related marker genes, proteins and secondary metabolites in defining rice self-defense mechanisms. Plant Physiol. Biochem. 44:261–273.

    PubMed  CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Kahn, R.P., and Libby, J. L. 1958. The effect of environmental factors and plant age on the infection of rice by the blast fungus, Pyricularia oryzae. Phytopathology 48: 25–30.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kende, H., van der Knaap, E., and Cho, H.T. 1998. Deepwater rice: A model plant to study stem elongation. Plant Physiol. 118: 1105–1110.

    PubMed  CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Kim, C. H., Rush, M.C., and MacKenzie, D.R. 1985. Flooding dependent resistance to rice blast. Phytopathology 75: 1342.

    Google Scholar 

  • Koga, H., Dohi, K., and Mori, M. 2004. Abscisic acid and low temperatures suppress the whole plant-specific resistance reaction of rice plants to the infection of Magnaporthe grisea. Physiol. Mol. Plant Pathol. 65: 3–9.

    CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Lai, X. H., Marchetti, M.A., and Petersen, H.D. 1999. Comparative slow-blasting in rice grown under upland and flooded blast nursery culture. Plant Disease 83: 681–684.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Mauch-Mani, B., and Mauch, F. 2005. The role of abscisic acid in plant–pathogen interactions. Curr. Opin. Plant Biol. 8: 409–414.

    PubMed  CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Matsumoto, K., Suzuki, Y., Mase, S., Watanabe, T., and Sekizawa, Y. 1980. On the relationship between plant hormones and rice blast disease. Ann. Phytopathol. Soc. Japan 46: 307–314.

    Google Scholar 

  • Nakazato, Y., Tamogami, S., Kawai, H., Hasegawa, M., and Kodama, O. 2000. Methionine-induced phytoalexin production in rice leaves. Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem. 64: 577–583.

    PubMed  CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Reyna, N.S., and Yang, Y. 2006. Molecular analysis of rice MAP kinase gene family in relation to Magnaporthe grisea infection. Mol. Plant-Microbe Interact. 19: 530–540.

    PubMed  CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Rohila, J.S., and Yang, Y. 2007. Rice mitogen-activated protein kinase gene family and its role in biotic and abiotic stress response. J. Integr Plant Biol. 49: 751–759.

    CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Singh, M.P., Lee, F.N., Counce, P.A., and Gibbons, J.H. 2004. Mediation of partial resistance to rice blast through anaerobic induction of ethylene. Phytopathology 94: 819–825.

    PubMed  CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Thomma, B.P., Eggermont, K., Tierens, K.F., and Broekaert, W.F. 1999. Requirement of functional ethylene-insensitive 2 gene for efficient resistance of Arabidopsis to infection by Botrytis cinerea. Plant Physiol. 121: 1093–1102.

    PubMed  CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Van der Straeten, D., Zhou, Z., Prinsen, E., Van Onckelen, H.A., and Van Montagu, M.C. 2001. A comparative molecular-physiological study of submergence response in lowland and deepwater rice. Plant Physiol. 125: 955–968.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Van Loon, L.C., Geraats, B.P.J., and Linthorst, H.J.M. 2006. Ethylene as a modulator of disease resistance in plants. Trends Plant Sci. 11: 184–191.

    PubMed  CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Xiong, L., and Yang, Y. 2003. Disease resistance and abiotic stress tolerance in rice are inversely modulated by an abscisic acid-inducible mitogen-activated protein kinase. Plant Cell 15:745–759.

    PubMed  CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Zhou, X., Bailey, T.A., and Yang, Y. 2006. Signal transduction and pathway interactions in rice disease resistance. In R.M.D. Koebner and R.K. Varshney, (Eds.), “Model Plants, Crop Improvement”, CRC Press, New York, pp. 207–225.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2009 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

About this paper

Cite this paper

Bailey, T.A., Zhou, X., Chen, J., Yang, Y. (2009). Role of Ethylene, Abscisic Acid and MAP Kinase Pathways in Rice Blast Resistance. In: Wang, GL., Valent, B. (eds) Advances in Genetics, Genomics and Control of Rice Blast Disease. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9500-9_19

Download citation