Advertisement

Devices for Distance and Time Measurement at the Time of Roman Empire

  • Flavio Russo
  • Cesare Rossi
  • Marco Ceccarelli
  • Ferruccio Russo
Conference paper

Abstract

In this paper, devices for measuring distances and time intervals are presented as conceived and used during Roman Empire since they represent the most important means of practices and developments both for scientist and engineers. The constructions and operations of main devices are discussed by using modern reconstructions and interpretations with the aim to sow the expertise in mechanism design at the time of the Roman Empire.

Keywords

Roman machines Odometers Water clocks Ctesibius Vitruvius 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Baldo B (1616) Heronis Ctesibis Belopoetica id est, telifactiva, Augustae Vindelicorum, typu Davidu Franci.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Barbaro D (1584) De Architectura, by Marcus Vitruvius Pollio, traduced by Daniele Barbaro in ancient Italian as “I Dieci Libri dell’Architettura di M. Vitruvio”, Venezia.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Capocaccia AA (Editor) (1973) History of Technique – From Prehistory to the Year One Thousand”, UTET, Torino. (in Italian)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ceccarelli M (2007) A Note on Roman Engineers and their Machines, CD Proc. of 2007 Bangalore IFToMM Workshop on History of MMS, Bangalore.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chasles M (1875) Apercu historique sur l’origin et le développement des méthodes en géométrie …, Mémoires couronnés par l’Académie de Bruxelles, Vol. 11, 1837 (2nd Ed.), Paris.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    De Groot J (1970) Bibliography on Kinematics, Eindhoven University, EindhovenGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dimarogonas AD (1993) The Origins of the Theory of Machines and Mechanisms, in Modern Kinematics – Developments in the Last Forty Years Ed. by A.G. Erdman, Wiley, New York, pp. 3–18.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hartenberg RS, Denavit J (1956) Men and Machines … an Informal History, Machine Design, May 3, 1956, pp. 75–82; June 14, 1956, pp. 101–109; July12, 1956, pp. 84–93.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Koetsier T, Blauwendraat H (2004) The Archimedean Screw-Pump: A Note on Its Invention and the Development of the Theory, Proc. of Int. Symposium on History of Machines and Mechanism (HMM04), Kluwer, Dordercht, pp. 181–194.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Marchis V (1994) History of Machines – Three Thousands Years of Technological Culture, Ed. Laterza, Milano. (in Italian)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Popescu I, Ceccarelli M (2005) The Machines, Structures, and Mechanisms on the Traian’s Columns, The 9th IFToMM International Symposium on Theory of Machines and Mechanisms, Bucharest, pp. 283–288.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Russo F, Russo F (2007) POMPEI: A Course Towards Transformation – the Forgotten Contributions of Roman Naval Technology, NATO, CCMAR Naples, ISBN 978-88-95430-05-8.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Russo F, Russo F (2006) 79 A.D. Course for Pompeii, Inquiry on the Death of an Admiral, NATO, CCMAR Naples, ISBN 88-88-419-56-X.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Veneziani M (Editor) (2005) Machina – Proceedings of XI International Coloquium in Rome 2004, Olschki Publ. Firenze.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Flavio Russo
    • 1
  • Cesare Rossi
    • 2
  • Marco Ceccarelli
    • 3
  • Ferruccio Russo
    • 4
  1. 1.USSME Historical Bureau HQ Italian ArmyItaly
  2. 2.University of Naples “Federico II”NaplesItaly
  3. 3.University of CassinoCassinoItaly
  4. 4.USSME Historical Bureau HQ Italian ArmyNaplesItaly

Personalised recommendations