Modern Technologies In New Lignite Power Plants In Kosovo And Their Impact On Energy And Environmental Security
This paper summarizes potential modern technologies for large scale power generation based on lignite which should be used in Kosovo. A part of the study was done to review modern power plant technologies currently available and potential technical concepts for large scale power generation based on lignite, taking into account their high moisture content. Reference is also made to the importance of low rank coals/lignite in the international scene. The combination of the high moisture content and high reactivity of low rank coals/lignite necessitates their use close to the mine, unless they can be upgraded to value-added products with improved transport safety and economics. Their primary use is therefore power generation or to provide domestic and industrial fuels for local use, although a number of novel alternative fuel and non-fuel applications provide value-added potential. Due to the generally low mining cost of these coals, emphasis was previously placed on developing technologies to minimize capital expenditure rather than maximize thermal efficiency in their use. However, the current concerns over global warming have focused attention on developing utilization technologies to reduce the comparatively high CO2 emissions from burning these coals.
KeywordsNew technologies lignite moisture efficiency environment
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