Transmission of Mycobacteria from the Environment to Susceptible Hosts


As a consequence of the widespread distribution and diversity of sources of ESM and PPM, a large number of possible sources and modes of transmission from the environment to susceptible hosts can be identified. Disease caused by PPM is not restricted to lung infection; disseminated (e.g. bacteraemia), gastro-intestinal (e.g. Crohn’s disease) and skin infections (e.g. granulomas) have also been reported. That further increases the possible modes of transmission.


Mycobacterial Infection Feed Supplement Bovine Tuberculosis Simian Immunodeficiency Virus Infection Zoological Garden 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Partially supported by the Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic NPV 1B53009 and NAZV QH81065 (Section 7.5).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Head of OIE Reference Laboratories for Paratuberculosis and Avian Tuberculosis, Department of Food and Feed SafetyVeterinary Research InstituteBrnoCzech Republic
  2. 2.Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburgUSA

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