∼3,416–3,334 Ma, Kromberg Formation, Barberton, South Africa

Part of the Topics in Geobiology book series (TGBI, volume 31)


Host Rock Geological Context Precambrian Research Pyritic Type Barberton Greenstone Belt 
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Recommended Reading

  1. Brooks, J., Muir, M. D., and Shaw, G., 1973, Chemistry and morphology of Precambrian microorganisms, Nature 244: 215–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Byerly, G. R., Kroner, A., Lowe, D. L., Todt, W., and Walsh, M. M., 1996, Prolonged magmatism and time constraints for sediment deposition in the early Archean Barberton greenstone belt: evidence from the Upper Onverwacht and Fig Tree groups, Precambrian Research 78: 125–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Muir, M. D., and Grant, P. R., 1976, Micropalaeontological evidence from the Onverwacht Group, South Africa. In: Windley, B. F. (Ed.) The Early History of the Earth, Wiley Interscience, London, pp. 595–608.Google Scholar
  4. Tice, M. M., and Lowe, D. R., 2004, Photosynthetic microbial mats in the 3,416-Myr-old ocean, Nature 431: 549–552.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Van Zuilen, M. A., Chaussidon, M., Rollion-Bard, C., and Marty, B., 2007, Carbonaceous cherts of the Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa: isotopic, chemical and structural characteristics of individual microstructures, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 71: 655–669.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Walsh, M. M., 1992, Microfossils and possible microfossils from the early Archean Onverwacht Group, Barberton Mountain Land, South Africa, Precambrian Research 54: 271–293.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Walsh, M. M., and Lowe, D. L., 1985, Filamentous microfossils from the 3,500 Myr-old Onverwacht Group, Barberton Mountain Land, South Africa, Nature 314: 530–532.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Walsh, M. M., and Lowe, D. L., 1999, Modes of accumulation of carbonaceous matter in the early Archean: a petrographic and geochemical study of the carbonaceous cherts of the Swaziland Supergroup In: Lowe, D. R., and Byerley, G. R. (Eds.) Geologic Evolution of the Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa, GSA Special Paper 329, Boulder, CO, pp. 167–188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Westall, F., de Witt, M. J., Dann, J., van der Gaast, S., de Ronde, C. E. J., and Gerneke, D., 2001, Early Archean fossil bacteria and biofilms in hydrothermally-influenced sediments from the Barberton greenstone belt, South Africa, Precambrian Research 106: 93–116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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