Education Reforms and Capacity Development in Higher Education

  • David W. Chapman
Part of the Education in the Asia-Pacific Region: Issues, Concerns and Prospects book series (EDAP, volume 13)

To fully appreciate the pressures and opportunities that now confront higher education institutions (HEIs) in Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam, it is necessary to understand the wider set of pressures influencing the growth and development of higher education in the region and in the world more broadly. This chapter examines those wider trends, issues, and opportunities, and then analyzes the circumstances of higher education in these three countries within that larger context. The basic theses of this chapter are that (a) the emphasis on higher education system growth and expanded student access needs to be better balanced with more aggressive attention to quality; (b) quality standards are increasingly being driven by international forces largely outside the ability of national governments to control; (c) cross-border collaboration with higher education institutions in other countries (in ways that go beyond just offering joint academic programs) represents an important strategy for these three countries to consider; and finally that (d) Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Vietnam, in their drive to raise the quality of their higher education system, could all benefit from wider international collaboration with other higher education systems and institutions in the region and more widely.


High Education High Education Institution High Education System Capacity Development Asian Development Bank 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Altbach, P. and Umakoshi, T. (eds.) (2004). Asian Universities: Historical Perspectives and Contemporary Challenges. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University.Google Scholar
  2. Asian Development Bank (2007). Toward a New Asian development Bank and a New Asia, Reported the Eminent Persons Group to the President of the Asian Development Bank, Manila.Google Scholar
  3. Bray, M. (1998). Financing Higher Education in Asia: Patterns, Trends and Options, International Higher Education, No. 13, pp. 12–14. [link: News13/text6.htm]
  4. Chapman, D.W. (2002). “When Goals Collide: Higher Education in Laos (Chapter 5),” in D.W. Chapman and A.E. Austin (eds.), Higher Education in the Developing World. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishers, pp. 93–106.Google Scholar
  5. D'Costa, A. (2006). Exports, University-Industry Linkages, and Innovation Challenges in Bangalore, India. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3887. Washington, D.C.: World Bank.Google Scholar
  6. Djanali, S. (2005). Current Update of Higher Education in Indonesia. Seameo RihedGoogle Scholar
  7. Duggan, S. (1996). “Education, Teacher Training and Prospects for Economic Recovery in Cambodia.” Comparative Education, 32(3): 361–375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Glewwe, P. and Kremer, M. (2005). Schools, Teachers, and Education Outcomes in Developing Countries. Harvard University working paper (in Handbook on the Economics of Education).Google Scholar
  9. Government of Cambodia (2005). Education Strategic Plan 2006–2010, Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports,
  10. Hanushek, E. and Kimko, D. (2000). “Schooling, Labor-Force Quality, and the Growth of Nations.” The American Economic Review, 90(5): 1184–1208.Google Scholar
  11. Hanushek, E. and Wöβmann, L. (2007). The Role of School improvement in Economic Development. (NBER Working Papers 12832). Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.Google Scholar
  12. Heyneman, S. P. (2006). “The Effectiveness of Development Assistance in Education: An Organizational Analysis.” Journal of International Cooperation in Education, 9(1): 7–26.Google Scholar
  13. Kamogawa, A. (2003). “Higher Education Reform: Challenges Toward a Knowledge Society in Malaysia.” African & Asian studies, 2(4): 546.Google Scholar
  14. LaRocque, Noman (2007). The Role of Education in Supporting the Development of Science, Technology and Innovation in Developing Member Countries: in issues paper, Manila.Google Scholar
  15. Ministry of Education and Training (2006). Viet Nam's Education in the Transitional Period. retrieved December 12, 2007, from hrdwg1_057.pdf
  16. Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (2005). Education Strategic Plan 2006–2010. http://
  17. National Science Board (2004). Science and Engineering Indicators 2004. Retrieved December 13, 2007, from
  18. Ordonez, V. , Johanson, R., and Chapman, D.W. (2007). Investing in Education in the Asia-Pacific Region in the Future: A strategic education sector study, Manila: Asian Development Bank.Google Scholar
  19. Postiglione, G. (2002). “Chinese Higher Education for the Twenty-First Century: Expansion, Consolidation, and Globalization (Chapter 8),” in D.W. Chapman and A.E. Austin (eds.), Higher Education in the Developing World. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishers, pp. 149–166.Google Scholar
  20. Postiglione, G. and Mak, G. (eds.) (1997). Asian Higher Education: An International Handbook and Reference Guide. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
  21. Rogers, E. (1995). Diffusion of Innovations (4th ed.). New York: The Free Press.Google Scholar
  22. Rosenzweig, M. (2007). “Higher Education and International Migration in Asia: Brain Circulation.” Paper presented at the Regional Bank Conference on Development Economics (RBCDE), Beijing, China.Google Scholar
  23. SEAMEO RIHED (2005). The Current Situation of Higher Situation in Lao PDR, MOE Report. SEAMEO (2007). Southeast Asian Education Data 2007. Manila.Google Scholar
  24. Shanghai Jiao Tong University. (2007). Academic Ranking of World Universities by Broad Subject Fields, Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University.Google Scholar
  25. Sulaiman, A.N. (2005). Current Update of Higher Education in Malaysia. SEAMEO RIHEDGoogle Scholar
  26. Tam, F. (2007). “Rethinking School and Community Relations in Hong Kong.” International Journal of Educational Management, 21(4): 350–366.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Temple, J. (2001). “Generalizations that Aren't? Evidence on Education and Growth.” European Economic Review, 45(4–6): 905–918.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Tran Ngoc Ca (2006). Universities as Drivers of the Urban Economies in Asia: The Case of Vietnam. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3949.Google Scholar
  29. UNESCO (2004). EFA Global Monitoring Report 2003/4, UNESCO Information System. Paris: UNESCO.Google Scholar
  30. UNESCO (2005). EFA Global Monitoring Report 2005, UNESCO Information System. Paris: UNESCO.Google Scholar
  31. UNESCO (2006). Global Education Digest 2006, Montreal: UIS.Google Scholar
  32. Weidman, J. (1995). “Reform of Higher Education in the Lao People's Democratic Republic.” Paper presented at the 1995 Annual Meeting of the Association for the Study of Higher Education, Orlando, Fl.Google Scholar
  33. World Bank (2000). Higher Education in Developing Countries: Peril and Promise. Task Force on Higher Education and Society. Washington D.C.: The World Bank, retrieved from Http:// Scholar
  34. World Bank (2007). Project Appraisal Document on a Proposed Credit to the Socialist Republic of Vietnam for a Second Higher Education Project. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • David W. Chapman

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations