Advertisement

A Problem in General Philosophy of Science: The Rational Criteria of Choice

  • Anastasios Brenner
Part of the Boston Studies In The Philosophy Of Science book series (BSPS, volume 276)

The question of the criteria involved in scientific choice is recurrent in philosophy of science. It has received attention in recent research and is not unrelated to several hotly debated issues: realism, truth, progress. The need to motivate decisions occurs in all areas of scientific inquiry. Thus the criteria of choice belong to a general philosophy of science, such as measurement or the structure of theories. By drawing attention to a question that cuts across disciplinary boundaries, we do not advocate the unity of science or a return to positivistic conceptions. We merely note that general questions arise, despite the fact that philosophy of science is branching off more and more into a series of distinct explorations of the various sciences. Those who adopt the disunity of science are not dispensed from having to explain interdisciplinarity. While new sciences emerge, each with its specific agenda, methods and techniques are transposed from one specialty to another.

Keywords

Theory Choice Scientific Practice Scientific Revolution Linguistic Analysis Exact Science 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. Bachelard Gaston (1928), Essai sur la connaissance approchée, Paris, Vrin, 1987.Google Scholar
  2. Bachelard Gaston (1934), Le Nouvel esprit scientifique, Paris, PUF, 1971; The New Scientific Spirit, trans. A. Goldhammer, Boston, Beacon Press, 1984.Google Scholar
  3. Bachelard Gaston (1938), La Formation de l’esprit scientifique, Paris, Vrin, 1975.Google Scholar
  4. Bachelard Gaston (1940), La Philosophie du non, Paris, PUF, 1994; The Philosophy of No: A Philosophy of the New Scientific Spirit, trans . G.C. Waterston, New York, Orion Press, 1968.Google Scholar
  5. Bachelard Gaston (1972), L’Engagement rationaliste, Paris, PUF.Google Scholar
  6. Black Max (1937), “Vagueness: An Exercise in Logical Analysis”, in Language and Philosophy: Studies in Method, Ithaca, Cornell University Press, 1949, pp. 23–58.Google Scholar
  7. Blackburn Simon (2005), Truth: A Guide for the Perplexed, London, Penguin.Google Scholar
  8. Brenner Anastasios (2003), Les Origines françaises de la philosophie des sciences, Paris, PUF.Google Scholar
  9. Brenner Anastasios (2006), “Quelle épistémologie historique? Kuhn, Feyerabend, Hacking et l’école bachelardienne”, Revue de métaphysique et de morale, 1, pp. 113–127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Comte Auguste (1844), Discours sur l’esprit positif, Paris, Vrin, 1995; A Discourse on the Positive Spirit, trans . E.S. Beesly, London, William Reeves, 1903.Google Scholar
  11. Comte Auguste (1830–1842), Cours de philosophie positive, 2 vols, Paris, Hermann, 1975; The Positive Philosophy of August Comte, trans. and condensation H. Martineau, 1853.Google Scholar
  12. Descartes René (1644), Principia philosophiae; Les Principes de la philosophie, in Adam and Tannery (eds.), Œuvres, 11 vols, Paris, Vrin, 1996.Google Scholar
  13. Descartes René (1644), The Philosophical Writings of Descartes, trans. J. Cottingham, R. Stoothoff, D. Murdoch and A. Kenny, 3 vols, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1984–1991.Google Scholar
  14. Duhem Pierre (1906), La Théorie physique, son objet, sa structure, Paris, Vrin, 1981; The Aim and Structure of Physical Theory, trans. P.P. Wiener, Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1991.Google Scholar
  15. Hacking Ian (1993), “Working in a New World: The Taxonomic Solution”, in Horwich, 1993.Google Scholar
  16. Hacking Ian (1999), The Social Construction of What?Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Hacking Ian (2002), Historical Ontology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Hallyn Fernand (2004), Les Structures rhétoriques de la sciences: De Kepler à Maxwell, Paris, Seuil.Google Scholar
  19. Hempel Carl (1966), Philosophy of Natural Science, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  20. Hempel Carl (1983), “Valuation and Objectivity in Science”, in Physics, Philosophy and Psychoanalysis: Essays in Honor of Adolf Grünbaum, R.S. Cohen and L. Laudan (eds.), Dordrecht, Reidel, pp. 73–100.Google Scholar
  21. Hume David (1740), A Treatise of Human Nature, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1978.Google Scholar
  22. Horwhich Paul (1993), World Changes: Thomas Kuhn and the Nature of Science, Cambridge, Massachusetts, MIT Press.Google Scholar
  23. Kuhn Thomas (1957), The Copernican Revolution, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University Press, 1977.Google Scholar
  24. Kuhn Thomas (1962), The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1970.Google Scholar
  25. Kuhn Thomas (1977), The Essential Tension, Chicago, University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  26. Kuhn Thomas (2000), The Road Since Structure, J. Conant et J. Haugeland (eds.), Chicago, University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  27. Laudan Larry (1977), Progress and Its Problems, Berkeley, University of California Press.Google Scholar
  28. Lagrange Joseph Louis (1788), Mécanique analytique, in Œuvres, vols 11, 12, Paris, Gauthier- Villars, 1881.Google Scholar
  29. Lagrange Joseph Louis (1788), Analytical Mechanics, trans. A. Boissonnade and V.N. Vagliente, Dordrecht, Kluwer, 1997.Google Scholar
  30. Mill John Stuart (1843), A System of Logic, in Collected Works, J.M. Robson (ed.), vol. 7, 8, London, Routledge, 1996.Google Scholar
  31. Newton Isaac (1687), Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica, A. Koyré and I.B. Cohen (eds.), 2 vols, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University Press, 1972.Google Scholar
  32. Newton Isaac (1687), Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, trans. A. Motte and F. Cajori, 2 vols, Berkeley, University of California Press, 1962.Google Scholar
  33. Ricoeur Paul (2004), Parcours de la reconnaissance, Paris, Albin Michel; The Course of Recognition, trans. D. Pellauer, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University Press, 2005.Google Scholar
  34. Starobinski Jean (1999), Action et réaction: Vie et aventures d’un couple, Paris, Seuil; Action and Reaction: The Life and Adventures of a Couple, trans. S. Hawkes and J. Fort, New York, Zone Books, 2003.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anastasios Brenner
    • 1
  1. 1.Département de philosophieUniversité Paul Valéry route de MendeMontpellier cedex 5France

Personalised recommendations