Introduction

  • Cristina Adams
  • Rui Murrieta
  • Walter Neves

Abstract

Amazonia’s contemporary “non-urban” societies can be divided, by and large, into three groups: on the one hand, Amerindian societies and “traditional” or historical peasants (caboclos), originated from the Amazonian region’s colonial incorporation; and, on the other, the neo-peasants who, from the mid-1970s on, have migrated into the region as part of governmental territorial occupation policies. Despite the great differences between them, these societies hold in common a relative socio-political “invisibility”. The Amerindian’ invisibility results from the fact that they are absorbed into the representation of the Amazon as a tropical ecosystem, a kind of super-nature; the historical peasants or Caboclos are “invisible”, in their turn, because they represent the failure of past national integration efforts; and, finally, the neo-peasants, for they are excluded from the developmentist agendas both of the extractive and agribusiness sectors.

Keywords

Caboclo identity Amazonian anthropology History Environment 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cristina Adams
    • 1
  • Rui Murrieta
    • 2
  • Walter Neves
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Arts, Sciences and HumanitiesUniversity of São PauloBrazil
  2. 2.University of São PauloBrazil
  3. 3.University of St AndrewsUK

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