Upper Atmosphere and Ionosphere of Saturn

  • Andrew F. Nagy
  • Arvydas J. Kliore
  • Michael Mendillo
  • Steve Miller
  • Luke Moore
  • Julianne I. Moses
  • Ingo Müller-Wodarg
  • Don Shemansky


This chapter summarizes our current understanding of the upper atmosphere and ionosphere of Saturn. We summarize the available observations and the various relevant models associated with these regions. We describe what is currently known, outline any controversies and indicate how future observations can help in advancing our understanding of the various controlling physical and chemical processes.


Methane Magnesium Dust Attenuation Recombination 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew F. Nagy
    • 1
  • Arvydas J. Kliore
    • 2
  • Michael Mendillo
    • 3
  • Steve Miller
    • 4
  • Luke Moore
    • 3
  • Julianne I. Moses
    • 5
  • Ingo Müller-Wodarg
    • 6
  • Don Shemansky
    • 7
  1. 1.Department of Atmospheric Ocean and Space SciencesUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  2. 2.Jet Propulsion LaboratoryCalifornia Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA
  3. 3.Center for Space PhysicsBoston UniversityBostonUSA
  4. 4.Department of Physics and AstronomyUniversity CollegeLondonUK
  5. 5.Lunar and Planetary InstituteHoustonUSA
  6. 6.Space and Atmospheric PhysicsImperial College LondonLondonUK
  7. 7.Planetary and Space Science DivisionSpace Environment TechnologiesPasadenaUSA

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