Invasive Plants: Their Role in Species Extinctions and Economic Losses to Agriculture in the USA
The more than 50,000 species of plants, animals, and microbes introduced into the United States cause more extinction of native species than most any other threats and cause more than $120 billion in damages and control costs each year. An assessment of the invasive plants that have been introduced and their control and damage costs will be estimated.
KeywordsEconomic losses European purple loosestrife Lythrum salicaria Bog turtle Yellow star thistle Centaurea solstitialis European cheatgrass Bromus tectorum Exotic aquatic weeds Hydrilla verticillata Pistia stratiotes Eurasian watermilfoil Myriophyllum spicatum Yellow rocket Barberia vulgaris Canada thistle Cirsium arvense US Crop losses
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Aquatic Invasives (2007) The impact of aquatic invasive species on the Great Lakes. House Subcommittee on Water Resources and the Environment. Retrieved July 25, 2007 from http://transportation.house.gov/hearings/hearingdetail.aspx?NewsID=75
- Audubon (2007) Remove exotic plant pests. Retrieved July 25, 2007 from http://www.audubon.org/bird/at_home/InvasivePests.html
- Babbitt B (1998). Statement by Secretary of the Interior on invasive alien species. Proceedings, National Weed Syposium, BLM Weed Page. April 8–10, 1998Google Scholar
- Campbell FT (1994). Killer pigs, vines, and fungi: alien species threaten native ecosystems. Endang Species Tech Bull 19:3–5Google Scholar
- Campbell FT (1998). “Worst” invasive plant species in the conterminous United States. Report. Springfield, VA: Western Ancient Forest CampaignGoogle Scholar
- Center TD, Frank JH, Dray FA (1997). Biological control. In: Simberloff D, Schmitz DC, Brown TC (eds) Strangers in paradise. Island Press, Washington, DC. pp. 245–266Google Scholar
- Christen K (2007) Combating Alien Invaders. Retrieved July 26, 2007 from http://eerc.ra.utk.edu/sightline/V3N1/Alien.htm.
- Costly Invaders (2006) Costly Invaders: The Economic Impact of Invasive Species. Retrieved July 26, 2007 from http://www.jjfnew.com/ViewNews.asp?NewsID=42.
- Cotton Thistle (2007) Cotton Thistle. Retrieved July 26, 2007 from http://en.wikipedia.org.wiki/Cotton_thistle.
- Dowell RV, Krass CJ (1992) Exotic pests pose growing problem for California. California Agric 46:6–10Google Scholar
- Eldredge LG, Miller SE (1997) Numbers of Hawaiian species: supplement 2, including a review of freshwater invertebrates. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 48:3–32Google Scholar
- Florida Native Plant Society (2005) Invasive exotic plants. Retrieved July 26, 2007 from http://www.fnps.org/pages/plants/invasives.php.
- Hall JP, Moody B (1994) Forest depletions caused by insects and diseases in Canada 1982–1987. Forest Insect and Disease Survey Information Report ST-X-8, Ottawa, Canada: Forest Insect and Disease Survey, Canadian Forest Service, Natural Resources CanadaGoogle Scholar
- Kurdila J (1995) The introduction of exotic species into the United States: there goes the neighborhood. Environ Aff 16:95–118Google Scholar
- Mills EL, Scheuerell MD, Carlton JT, Strayer DL (1997) Biological invasions in the Hudson River Basin. New York State Museum Circular No. 57. The University of the State of New York, State Education Department.Google Scholar
- Morin N (1995). Vascular plants of the United States. In: LaRoe ET, Farris GS, Puckett CE, Doran PD, Mac MD (eds) Our living resources: a report to the nation on the distribution, abundance, and health of U.S. plants, animals and ecosystems. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Biological Service, Washington, DC. Pp. 200–205Google Scholar
- Morse LE, Kartesz JT, Kutner LS (1995) In: LaRoe ET, Farris GS, Puckett CE, Doran PD, Mac MD (eds) Our living resources: a report to the nation on the distribution, abundance, and health of U.S. plants, animals and ecosystems. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Biological Service, Washington, DC. Pp. 205–209Google Scholar
- Pimentel D (1993) Habitat factors in new pest invasions. In: Kim KC, McPheron BA (eds) Evolution of insect pests—patterns of variation. Wiley, New York. pp. 165–181Google Scholar
- Pimentel D (1997). Pest management in agriculture. In: Pimentel D. (ed) Techniques for reducing pesticide use: environmental and economic benefits. Wiley, Chichester, UK. pp. 1–11Google Scholar
- Randall JM (1996) Weed control for the preservation of biological diversity. Weed Technol 10:370–381Google Scholar
- Refuge Net (2007) Invasive species fact sheet. National Wildlife Refuge Association. Retrieved August 17, 2007 from http://www.refugenet.org/New-issues/invasives.html#toc01
- University of Illinois (2007) Biological control of purple loosestrife program. Retrieved July 29, 2007 from http://www.inhs.unuc.edu/cee/loosestrife/bepl.html.
- University of Nevada (2007) Cheatgrass and fire. Retrieved July 29, 2007 from http://www.cabnr.unr.edu/CABNR/Newsletter/FullStory.aspx?StoryID = 41.
- USCB (2007) Statistical abstracts of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
- USDA (1960) Index of plant diseases in the United States. Crop Research Division, ARS. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
- USDA (2006) Agricultural statistics. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar