Issues in Implementing Food Security in China
This chapter begins by analyzing the basis in knowledge of China’s food system – the intellectual establishment, research and development expenditures in the agricultural sciences, and training to improve farming practices. A second challenge is administrative coordination, both vertically and horizontally. The third challenge concerns modernization of the infrastructure for food production, emphasizing transportation and storage. The fourth area concerns access to food and poverty. It describes the significant reduction of absolute poverty from the late 1970s to the present, examines recent poverty alleviation programs, and assesses work remaining to be done – made difficult by the lack of agreement on the number of poor in China today. The fifth challenge is public participation, and discussion centers on media reportage of food security issues and citizen protests. The pattern indicates limited growth of civil society. The chapter concludes by describing changes in agricultural trade and issues related to China’s entrance into the World Trade Organization.