Spatial patterns and GIS habitat modelling of fish in two French Mediterranean coastal areas

  • Romain Crec’hriou
  • Patrick Bonhomme
  • Géraldine Criquet
  • Gwenaêl Cadiou
  • Philippe Lenfant
  • Guillaume Bernard
  • Erwan Roussel
  • Laurence Le Diréach
  • Serge Planes
Part of the Developments in Hydrobiology book series (DIHY, volume 203)

Abstract

The spring and summer distribution of adults and larval fish stages of Sparids and Scorpaenids was studied in two sites in the western Mediterranean. Fish adults and larvae of those two taxa were identified and sorted according to their life stages in order to study their distribution and develop suitable habitat maps. Study areas were located on French coastal waters, the “Côte Bleue” Marine Park (CBMP) has an east-west orientation with substratum dominated by Posidonia beds and the Marine Reserve of Cerbe’re-Banyuls (MRCB) runs north-south and is dominated by rocky substrates. Generalised Additive Models (GAM) combined with Geographic Information System (GIS), were used to model the suitable habitats for fish larvae and adults. During spring months, waters exhibit low Sea Surface Temperatures (SST), low Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR), high values of Sea Surface Chlorophyll-a concentration (Chl-a), and mostly negative values of Sea Level Anomaly (SLA) indicating anticyclonic eddies. During summer months, waters have higher values of SST, lower values of Chl-a and positive values of SLA indicating cyclonic eddies. The results revealed different environmental responses in the distribution of fish adults and larvae in the CBMP and MRCB. Suitable habitats for adult were mainly dependent on the substrate types (Posidonia meadows and sand) and they were found close to the coast, whereas fish larvae were dependent on environmental cues (Chl-a, SLA, SST) with a sparse spatial distribution.

Keywords

Fish Adults Larvae Suitable habitat Essential fish habitat GAM GIS Western Mediterranean 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Romain Crec’hriou
    • 1
  • Patrick Bonhomme
    • 2
  • Géraldine Criquet
    • 1
  • Gwenaêl Cadiou
    • 2
  • Philippe Lenfant
    • 1
  • Guillaume Bernard
    • 2
  • Erwan Roussel
    • 1
  • Laurence Le Diréach
    • 2
  • Serge Planes
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire Ecosyste’mes Aquatiques Tropicaux et Méditerranéens, UMR 5244 CNRS-EPHE-UPVD Biologie et Ecologie tropicale et méditerranéenne CBETMUniversité de PerpignanPerpignanFrance
  2. 2.Centre d’Océanologie de MarseilleParc Scientifique et Technologique de LuminyMarseilleFrance

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