On The Problem Of Dependence Of Damper Force On The Concentration Of Free Air In Working Liquid

  • Rudolf Svoboda
  • Jan ŠklÍba*Email author
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Physics book series (SPPHY, volume 126)

In-process of damping of vibrations with great velocities (greater then 2 m/s) the concentration of the free air in working liquid of the two-jacket hydraulic damper increases. This phenomenon is allowed by the free surface of the liquid in the accumulator of the damper and invoked by the changes of equilibrium conditions between the quantity of air evolved from liquid and the quantity of air dissolved in oil in dynamic state for greater damping velocities. In the paper two unfavourable effects of this phenomenon are analyzed: delay on the working damper characteristics, which leads to the considerable degradation of damper force, and decrease of damper valve resistance to the self-excited oscillations. These vibrations can arise in steady parts of both damper expansion and rebound phases where all transient phenomena have gone off long ago and working valves are fully open. The zones of self-excited vibrations coincide with regions of linear asymptotic instability of the system, i.e. with the areas where the real part (natural damping) of at least one of the damper eigenvalues achieves positive value.


hydro-mechanical model of hydraulic damper concentration of the free air in working liquid static and dynamic damper characteristics self-excited valve oscillation zones of instability 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    H. L. Lang, 1978. A study of the characteristics of automotive hydraulic dampers at high stroking frequencies, PhD Dissertation, University of Michigan.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    R. Svoboda, J. Šklíba, 2003. Identification of non-linear stiffness of hydraulic damper valves, Proc. of the 6th International conference on vibration problems, pp. 78–80, Liberec, Czech Republic.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. Šklíba, R. Svoboda, 2005. Specification of flow conditions in mathematical model of hydraulic damper, 7th International conference on vibration problems ICOVP 2005, Springer Proceedings in Physics, pp. 455–462.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Techlab s.r.o.SokolovskáCzech Republic
  2. 2.Technical University LiberecCzech Republic

Personalised recommendations