Pushover Analysis Methodologies: A Tool For Limited Damage Based Design Of Structure For Seismic Vibration
Vibration transmitted to the structure during earthquake may vary in magnitude over a wide range. Design methodology should, therefore, enumerates steps so that structures are able to survive in the event of even severe ground motion. However, on account of economic reason, the strengths can be provided to the structures in such a way that the structure remains in elastic range in low to moderate range earthquake and is allowed to undergo inelastic deformation in severe earthquake without collapse. To implement this design philosophy a rigorous nonlinear dynamic analysis is needed to be performed to estimate the inelastic demands. Furthermore, the same is time consuming and requires expertise to judge the results obtained from the same. In this context, the present paper discusses and demonstrates an alternative simple method known as Pushover method, which can be easily used by practicing engineers bypassing intricate nonlinear dynamic analysis and can be thought of as a substitute of the latter. This method is in the process of development and is increasingly becoming popular for its simplicity. The objective of this paper is to emphasize and demonstrate the basic concept, strength and ease of this state of the art methodology for regular use in design offices in performance based seismic design of structures.
Keywordseismic vibration non linear dynamic analysis pushover analysis dual design philosophy response reduction factor
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