Advertisement

The Evolution of Pacemakers: An Electronics Perspective

  • Sandro A. P. Haddad
  • Wouter A. Serdijn
Part of the Analog Circuits and Signal Processing book series (ACSP)

A brief overview of the history and development of circuit designs applied in cardiac pacemakers is presented in Chapter 2. The advances in integrated circuit designs have resulted in, for instance, diagnostic analysis, adaptive rate response and programmability. Also, based on future trends for pacemakers, some features and improvements for modern cardiac sensing systems are described and we point out the need for morphological wavelet analysis of the cardiac signal.

Keywords

Cardiac Pacemaker Cardiac Pace Sick Sinus Syndrome Implantable Pulse Generator Rate Discrimination 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    D. J. Woollons, To beat or not to beat: the history and development of heart pacemakers, Engineering Sci. Education J., vol. 4, pp. 259-268, 1995. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    L. A. Geddes, Historical highlights in cardiac pacing, IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology, vol. 9, pp. 12-18, 1990. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    W. Greatbatch and C. F Holmes, History of implantable devices, IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology, vol. 10, pp. 38-49, 1991. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    R. S. Sanders and M. T. Lee, Implantable pacemakers, Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 84, no. 3, pp. 480-486, 1996. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    H. G. Mond, Recent advantages in pacemaker lead technology, Cardiac Electrophysiology Rev., vol. 3, pp. 5-9, 1999. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    A. C. Guyton and J. E. Hall, Textbook of Medical Physiology, 9th edn, W. B. Saunders, Toronto, January 1996. Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    J. D. Bronzino, The Biomedical Engineering Handbook, 2nd edn, vol. 1, CRC Press and IEEE Press, Boca Raton, FL, 2000. Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    R. Sutton and I. Bourgeois, The Foundations of Cardiac Pacing. Part I, Futura Publishing Company, Mount Kisco, NY, 1991. Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    M. Schaldach and S. Furman, Advances in Pacemaker Technology, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1975. Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    A. A. Hyman, Resuscitation of the stopped heart by intracardial theraphy, Arch. Intern. Med., vol. 50, pp. 283-305, 1932. Google Scholar
  11. [11]
  12. [12]
    R. Elmqvist and A. Senning, An Implantable Pacemaker for the Heart, Tliffe, London, pp. 253-254, 1959. Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    W. Greatbatch, Medical cardiac pacemaker, US Patent 3,057,356, October 1962. Google Scholar
  14. [14]
  15. [15]
    B. V. Berkovits, Demand pacer, US Patent 3,528,428, September 1970. Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    B. V. Berkovits, Atrial and ventricular demand pacer, US Patent 3,595,242, July 1971. Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    J. W. Harthorne, Pacemakers and store security devices, Cardiol. Rev., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 10-17, 2001. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    C. C. de Cock, H. J. Spruijt, L. M. van Campen, W. A. Plu, and C. A. Visser, Electromagnetic interference of an implantable loop recorder by commonly encountered electronic devices, Pacing Clin. Electrophysiol., vol. 23, no. 10, pp. 1516-1518, 2000. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    T. W. Dawson, K. Caputa, M. A. Stuchly, and R. Kavet, Pacemaker interference by 60-Hz contact currents, IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng., vol. 49, no. 8, pp. 878-886, 2002. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    G. Lauck, A. von Smekal, S. Wolke, K. C. Seelos, W. Jung, M. Manz, and B. Luderitz, Effects of nuclear magnetic resonance imaging on cardiac pacemakers, Pacing Clin. Electrophysiol., vol. 18, no. 8, pp. 1549-1555, 1995. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    C. D. Swerdlow, M. L. Brown, K. Lurie, J. Zhang, N. M. Wood, H. W. Olson, and J. M. Gillberg, Discrimination of ventricular tachycardia from supraventricular tachycardia by a downloaded wavelet-transform morphology algorithm: a paradigm for development of implantable cardioverter defibrillator detection algorithms, Pacing Clin. Electrophysiol., vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 432-441, 2002. Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    G. Strang and T. Nguyen, Wavelets and Filter Banks, Wellesley-Cambridge Press, Wellesley, MA, 1996. Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Freescale SemiconductorCampinas-SPBrazil
  2. 2.Electronics Research Lab.Delft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations